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Volume :35 Issue : 135 2009      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Features of Demographic Change of Immigration to the Kingdom of Bahrain Between the Censuses 1981-2001

Auther : Prof. Bassim Abdul A. AL Othman

     Immigration is one of the tributaries of the demographic stock of the states of the Arab Gulf Cooperation Council in general and the Kingdom of Bahrain in particular.  This can be seen throughout the development  processes because of the increaseing demand of the work force in comparison to what is displayed in the local labour market, which is mostly not equal to the required experiences. Therefore, the present study aims at rcognizing the features of the demographic change of the immigration to the Kingdom of Bahrain between the censuses of 1981 and 2001 by analyzing and evaluating the demographic situation of the immigrants and the observation of their size, growth, and qualitative and age composition, and the assessment of the magnitude of their labour force and their properties.  The implementation of that study is based on the sources of the statistic data, represented by the results of the demographic censuses of the years 1981, 1991 and 2001 in addition to the data, of the previous censuses, making it possible to pursue the change in the size of the immigrants and their properties .

     The research showed differences in the growth average of non - Bahrainis and the Bahrainis, between the censuses of 1941 and 2001 due to a number of internal and regional events and changes, the fact which has been reflected in the difference of the average of the total annual growth.  In addition, the study has revealed the increase of the relative weigt of the immigrating work force as compared to the size of the whole work force.  The Asian immigrants have predominated in the whole immigrating work force, which makes the proportion (77.2%, 83.4% and 83.9%) during the census years 1981, 1991 and 2001 respectively as compared to the decrease of the proportion of Arab immigrants to (17.7%, 12.2% and 11%) during the same years.  In addition, the study has showed a state of imbalance in the qualitative and age composition of the immigrant population because of the qualitative - age election. Moreover, the Arab and Asian immigrants occupy the first position regarding the longest period of residence, (more than l0 years). Work and accompanying the family are the main reason for the residency, of the Asians, who occupy (91.2% and 66.1%) out of the whole nationalities respectively; while the proportion of the Arab nationalities is (5.7% and  26%) out of the whole nationalities respectively.

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May 18, 2017

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