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Volume :35 Issue : 134 2009      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Demographic Change in Kuwait and its demographic source

Auther : Dr. Muhammad A. Al-Ramadan

     This study investigates a very important issue regarding the demographic transition in Kuwait and attempts to reveal whether Kuwait completed its demographic transition or not.  It covers the recent development on the demographic theory particularly the demographic window which highlights the positive impact of population increase on economic growth.  As societies complete their demographic transition, a demographic window opens for a period of time through which they can collect its economic dividend. Therefore, the change in the age structure of the population is considered as an important demographic element which promotes economic growth.  Also, change in the dependency ratio as a consequence of the new age structure has various positive impacts on savings, investment, productivity, and the labor market.

     In order to reveal the demographic transition in Kuwait, the study investigated the current demographic challenges faced by Kuwait, and review recent developments of fertility and mortality.  A demographic projection on the Kuwaiti population was conducted for the period 2010 to 2050 in order to assess the timing of the demographic window.  The expected changes in key demographic indicators were estimated.

     The study concluded that Kuwait faces important challenges in respect to high population growth as well as the high percentage of non-Kuwaiti population. It was found that Kuwait did not complete its demographic transition.  Fertility rates are still high as well as life expectancy at birth did not reach its upper limit yet.  The study, also, concluded that the age structure of Kuwaitis will improve, and dependency ratio will decline as well.  Hence, the demographic window will open in Kuwait by the year 2024.  Kuwait needs to be prepared to deal positively with the new age structure, and try to collect the demographic dividend through promoting economic growth to absorb new job seekers in the labor market.

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May 18, 2017

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