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Volume :34 Issue : 128 2008      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Sewage Treated Water in the State of Qatar: Facts and Prospective

Auther : Dr. Hassan Bin I. Al-Mohannadi

     This study deals with sewage water treatment in the State of Qatar in the perspective of production, quality and usage, and its prospective in the future.

     The matter of water shortage is of substantial concern at global level, but areas with an arid and proxy arid climate suffer more than most.

     The State of Qatar, since it started oil commercial exportation in the fifties, suffers greatly from natural water shortage mainly caused by the increasing population growth and an accelerated economic development.

     The State of Qatar has tackled this problem through a desalination process of the salty and brackish water, which has bridged the gap between water supply and the demand in the civil sector; however, the problem continues in the agricultural sector, which is mainly fed from the scarce groundwater aquifers.

     The over pumping of water from limited natural resources has led to a decrease in reserves and a change in its quality. This situation has obligated Qatar to look for other non-traditional water resources excluding water resulting from the desalination process, which is very expensive both economically and environmentally.

     The experiences already undertaken worldwide prove that it is possible to re-use sewage water treated by sophisticated methods for several purposes including irrigation due to new techniques generating water to tolerable specifications.

     The State of Qatar has the financial and human resources to reinvest sewage water more effectively than it currently does.

     The findings of research conducted in this field affirm that sewage water presently reused in State of Qatar constitutes wastage of a very important resource.

     In addition, the used water is not treated in a way that allows it to be reinvested, nor is the water treated by sophisticated processes fully reinvested, even if it has fractional quality and the demand is high.

     All these factors call for a reconsideration of policies followed in this sector in order to utilize used water more effectively, not only to make used water one of the capital resources in the State, but to be a major component of a new policy for water management.

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