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Volume :30 Issue : 113 2004      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Behavioral Determinants of Industrial Safety in UAE’S Manufacturing: Exploratory Study Using Structural Equation’s Modeling

Auther : Masood A. Badri

     Industrial safety is a major objective for operation managers.  It has direct and indirect implications for various functions in the industrial establishment.  It affects a variety of criteria related to performance.  Theoretically speaking, there is a direct relationship between industrial safety and other significant factors of cost, quality, delivery and social responsibility.  As far as the production is concerned, minor accidents would hinder the process, whereas major and grace accidents may lead to a complete halt and shut down of the operation.  There is a popular notion that employees’ unsafe acts are the primary cause of workplace accidents, but a number of authors suggest a perspective that highlights influences from operating and social systems.  Although there are no strict industrial safety laws or rules within the United Arab Emirates factories/plants, some official Ministries and local Municipalities have been trying hard to establish safety rules and regulations and have them enforced within the industrial sector.

     This study described herein addresses the subject of industrial safety by assessing factory workers’ responses to a survey about social, technical and personal factors related to safe work behaviors.  Results provide evidence that a chain reaction of technical and social constructs operate through employees to influence safe behaviors.  The study indicates that several factors need to be carefully considered when developing industrial safety policies; among these factors are safety hazards, safety culture and production pressures.  Some recommendations, direct as well as indirect, are provided to production managers who play a significant role in the multidimensional structure proposed in the context of this study.  The conclusions of similar studies by advanced industrial communities are also discussed.

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