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Volume :28 Issue : 105 2002      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

ANALYTICAL STUDY OF TOTAL ORGANICMATTER IN SOIL OF SHUWAIKH INDUSTRIAL AREA – STATE OF KUWAIT

Auther : By: Dr. Mishal A. Meshan, and Eng. F. Mahrous Ahmed

Measurements were made on 51 soil samples to determine the total organic matter (TOM), total moisture content (TMC) and pH in Shuwaikh and Al-Rai Industrial Areas (SRIA) of Kuwait in January 1997 to assess the contamination level in soil.  The soil samples (about 2kg each) were collected from fourteen locations selected to cover all sectors inside the study area.  Soil samples from each location were collected from different depths of one-meter interval.  Apart from these locations, soil samples were collected from one location at the outside boundary of the study area, in Yarmouk residential area.  These samples can be considered as the natural background levels (reference samples), and were used in comparison with the other data obtained from the other samples taken from inside SRIA.  The results shows that more than 75% from the total number of soil in the investigated localities inside the study area are more highly contaminated with organic matter than the reference soil samples collected from Yarmouk residential area.  There is no significant variation in the pH for all the soil samples collected from Yarmouk residential area.  There is no significant variation in the pH for all the soil samples.  The values ranged from 7.5 – 9.5, this means that soil in the sites has a slightly alkaline pH range of 7.0 – 8.0, and moderate alkaline range of 8.0 – 9.0.  There is no change in pH values in Yarmouk residential area and the values at all depths equal to 7.9.  TMC for all investigated samples inside the study area ranged from 3.3 – 39.1% and the average values of moisture loss (ML) ranged from 0.95 – 9.86% while TMC in Yarmouk residential are ranged from 5.5 – 15.4%, more than 75% of the total number of analyzed samples in the study area have TMC higher than 15%.  From the data we observe that the sites with high TMC are highly contaminated with TOM.  This is the first study providing information on distribution of contamination levels in the soil of the oldest industrial area in Kuwait.  It is recommended that appropriate measures be put in place by concerned industries to treat waste materials before discharging them into the immediate environment and to fund monitoring activities of research organizations in Kuwait.

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