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Volume :28 Issue : 105 2002      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

BRITAIN AND THE ARAB / ARAB CONFLICT DURING THE FIRST QUARTER OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY (Ibn Saud and Hussein Bin Ali)

Auther : By: Dr. Ibrahim Ali Abdel Aal

This is a comparative study between two Arab leaders’ attitude (Ibn Saud and Hussein Bin Ali) towards Britain’s influence and existence in the Arab world, in particular, in the Arabian Peninsula, from the beginning of the 20th century till the end of the World War I, which is considered the most import era of the Arab history.

          The research deals with three main points:

           The first section’s main concern is with Ibn Saud’s relations with Britain before and during the War.  It deals with Ibn Saud’s attempts to approach the British authorities in the light of the international changes as well as certain local events which occurred in Arabia. The German-Turkish friendship was a threat to Britain’s interests in the area.  Also, Turkey imposed a threat upon Ibn Saud through her ally “Ibn Rasheed”.  However, this period ended with the signing of “Dareen” treaty in 1915 between Britain and Ibn Saud.  In this section, however, the focus is upon the consequences of this agreement to the Saudi Ameer.

           Section II of the research examines Hussein Bin Ali’s relations with Britain up to the Arab revolution against the Turkish rule of the Arab world.  The section shows up the benefits which the Shariff had gained as a result of his joining the British against the Turks during the war, comparing these benefits with those on Ibn Saud, which were regarded as the main reasons to provoke conflicts between the two leaders.

           The third section of the research deals with the British role during the fight between Ibn Saud and Ibn Ali at the end of the war and after.  It also shows the difficulties, which Hussain had, to face as a result of his determination to make Britain fulfill her obligations towards the Arab independence.  Britain considered Hussein’s demonstration as an attempt to disturb her schemes in the Arab world.  Therefore, the British took several measures to weaken him.  However, the research focuses upon Ibn Saud’s moves under these circumstances to end Hussein’s threat to Britain’s schemes in the Arab world and the reward which he had gained from the British in consequence.

           The research also includes an introduction to the objectives of the research as well as conclusion.

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