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Volume :20 Issue : 76 1995      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

THE INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION FOR YOUNG CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

Auther : By: Dr. Abdulaziz Mekhaimar Abdelhady

This research is dealing with the international legal protection for children and adolescents in the field of work.

In fact millions of children and adolescents around the world live under especially difficult circumstances – as orphans and street children, as refugees or displaced persons, as victims of war, natural and man made disasters, as children of migrant workers, as child workers or youth trapped in the bondage of prostitution, sexual abuse and other forms of exploitation. Such children deserve special attention, protection and assistance from their families and communities and as part of national efforts and international co-operation.

More than 100 million children and adolescents over the world are engaged in employment, often heavy and hazardous and in contravention of international conventions which provide for their protection from economic exploitation and from performing work that interferes with their education and is harmful to their health and full development. With this in mind, all states should work to an end, such child labour practices and see how the conditions and circumstances of children in legitimate employment can be protected to provide adequate opportunity for their healthy upbringing and development.

This research is divided into four sections. The first one is dealing with the problem of children and adolescents engaged in employment over the world.

The second is related to the international legal protection for the adolescent and children in the working field. The third covers the international control on implementation of international conventions adopted by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) since 1919 till now. The last section treats the appreciation of the international legal protection in the field of child and adolescent labour.

We can summarize the international protection for children and adolescents, which imposed on States by the international conventions in the following points:

  1. Provide for a minimum age or minimum ages for admission to employment.
  2. Provide for appropriate regulation of the hours and conditions of employment.
  3. Provide for special protection of the working child and for the abolition of illegal child labour.

Provide for appropriate penalties or other sanctions to ensure the effective enforcement of the precedent measures.

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