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Volume :20 Issue : 78 1995      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

A STUDY OF THE QUALITY OF GROUND WATER IN BAHRAIN DURING THE PERIOD 1941 TO 1992

Auther : By: Waleed K. Zubari, Ismail M. Madany, Sabah S. Al-Junaid and Shawqi A. Al-Mannai

This study presents a typical case study showing the impact of over-exploitation on the quality of ground water. Trends in the quality of ground water throughout the State of Bahrain with respect to salinity from 1941 to 1992 are investigated. The study revealed that the salinity of ground water in all over Bahrain is higher than 2000 mg L-¹. The quality began to deteriorate beginning with 1960 due to the intensive development activities, which increased groundwater withdrawal significantly. Several factors have contributed to the degradation of the quality of groundwater, namely seawater intrusion in the coastal eastern regions and saline water up-flow in the north-central regions of Bahrain. In the period from 1986 to 1992, about 33% of the drilled or abstraction wells had salinity greater than 4000 mgL-¹. The best quality water was found in the north-western areas of Bahrain where the aquifer receives its water by lateral under-flow from the aquifers in Saudi Arabia. This problem can be alleviated by reducing ground water abstraction by depending more on alternative sources such as desalinated water in the urban areas and treated waste water in the agricultural areas.

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May 18, 2017

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