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Volume :21 Issue : 80 1996      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

TOWARDS DEVELOPING OF THE LUBRICATING OIL INDUSTRY IN GCC COUNTRIES

Auther : By. Dr. Hamdi Abu Naaga

This study is discussing the current situation for lubricating oil industry in GCC countries with definition of the most important trends to be taken in order to develop this important industry.

Concerning refining of base oils, the study clarifies the existing limited capacity as there is only one refinery in Jeddah with output lower than even the requirement of KSA. Other GCC countries are importing their requirement from base oils from the international market, except Kuwait, which has owned a refinery in Holland.

With regard to additives necessary to formulate finished oils, also all the requirements are imported. The study illustrates the feasibility of manufacturing some types of these additives, e.g. Viscosity index improves, pour point depressants and detergent additives, as most of their starting raw materials are available in GCC petrochemical complexes.

The study also illustrates the possibility of producing some types of special oils and waxes, e.g. Transformer oils, automatic transmission fluids, paraffinic white oils (technical, food and medicine grades), highly paraffinic waxes, spray oils, rubber processing oils…..etc. All these products are currently imported.

Concerning used lubricating oils, the study explains the proposed actions and plans in order to promote the erection of necessary re-refining units. There is a good scope in GCC countries to use re-refined base oils with physical, chemical and performance properties equivalent to virgin base oils.

Finally, the study has postulated some recommendations, which are aiming at development of lubricating oil industry in GCC countries.

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