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Volume :21 Issue : 80 1996      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

THE SITUATION OF THE WOMAN LABOUR FORCE AFTER THE LIBERATION OF KUWAIT

Auther : By: Dr. AbdulWahab M. Al-Dhafiri

This study aims at exploring woman’s role in labour-market sector especially after the developments that occurred in Kuwait as a result of the Iraqi aggression on the 2nd of August 1990. After the liberation of Kuwait, there were many job vacancies, which enhances decision-makers to Kuwaitise them. This action benefited Kuwait socially and economically.

This study, inter alia, demonstrates the obstacles that face the Kuwaiti women at labour-market sector and means to overcome them. Yet, despite all efforts carried out by women associations in addition to the laws issued by the government to encourage and protect the rights of the working woman in the past three decades, they came to no avail. The percentage of the working woman only embraces 7.5% out of 52% of the total force.

This study focuses on five different areas, which have their impact on the woman labour force:

  1. The woman real reason for seeking employment.
  2. The new role of Kuwaiti woman in the government policies to replace foreigners with Kuwaitis.
  3. The effect of social relationship, traditions and values on woman labour force.
  4. To what extent does Kuwait society accepts the idea of introduction Kuwait woman to a leading position such as an ambassador, a Member of Parliament or a minister?
  5. The impact of housemaids in encouraging the Kuwaiti woman to participate in the labour market.

Conclusion:

The study shows that the Kuwaiti woman is seeking employment not for economic reasons as the case in many other societies, but for other purposes. The Kuwaiti woman is participating in the labour-market for self satisfaction, asserting herself, future guarantee, achieving her ambition, fulfilling the psychological needs and evading the pressure she faces as a member of the society.

Besides, it is found out that the new situation after the liberation and the possibility of woman participation is not significant due to the lack of time faced by the decision-makers.

It is obvious that traditions and values are still prejudiced against the Kuwaiti woman and prevent her from playing her role in the society. The study, ipso facto, shows that positive values with regard to employment, and type of job the woman gained in the 1970s are deteriorating in the 1990s.

The study also detects that woman can go to the polls but denied her the right to be an ambassador or a Member in the Parliament.

Housemaids, as the study discerned, release woman of her home duties and consequently paved the way for the Kuwaiti woman to have good leisure time she exploited to participate in the labour market. Had it not been for housemaids, as a part of the sample confessed it, the Kuwaiti woman would have been stayed at home and undertaken her duties as a housekeeper.

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