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Volume :21 Issue : 83 1996      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

THE GEOGRAPHIC DIMENSION OF THE IRAQI INVASION OF KUWAIT....Evaluation and Analytic Study

Auther : By: Dr. Ghanim Sultan

Ipso Facto physiography or human geography determines drastically the fate of military battles as ancient, modern and contemporary history signifies.

Thus, Study asserts how different geographic factors contributed to the success of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. As well, geography makes Kuwait’s security dilemma.

Many factors have contributed to facilitating the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and occupying it at a record time such as the joint boarders, the multi-accesses, the limited area of Kuwait and Kuwait flat stretched land free from obstacles.

Another important factor is that Kuwaitis are minority in their own land. According to 1990 census, the Kuwaitis represented 27.6% of the total population of Kuwait, which means that the population structure is against the Kuwaitis. Demographic trends led to many deficiencies: the limited number of the Kuwaiti army, the modest Kuwaiti mobilization against the huge Iraqi army, Kuwaitis are concentrated around Kuwait’s Bay and the South coastline; in contrast the North and West areas of Kuwait are uninhabited, i.e. 94.8% of the total area of Kuwait is deserted. This imbalance helped the Iraqi invaders to easily control and administrate Kuwait.

The modern Kuwaiti route-network such as motorways, highways, ring roads helped the Iraqi forces to move quickly and smoothly inside and outside Kuwait.

Another geographic factor is the political map of the Arab World with its passive trends. The Arab World did not support Kuwait in a way to deter or denounce the aggression collectively. The Arab differences, disputes, conflicts, dispersion and consolidating local interests in preference to national ones which led to grievous situation in the Middle East.

Per ce , Kuwait’s geography presents a challenge to its security which should be put into consideration and guard against both at the present time and in the future.

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