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Volume :21 Issue : 82 1996      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

POLITICAL MODERNIZATION IN OMAN: A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF STRUCTURAL MODERNIZATION ON AUTOCRACY

Auther : By: Dr. Abdul Karim H. Al Dekhayel

The main objective of this paper is to investigate the effect of structural modernization of a traditional political system on changing the ruler’s authority in Oman. The argument pursued in this regard, contents that both structural and role differentiations as well as subsystem autonomy decrease the concentration of political power in the ruler’s hand.

Therefore, the assumption of this study is that the structural modernization of the Omani political system, which was until recently a semi-primitive one – may lead to changing the ruler’s autocratic authority. This assumption is based on the thesis of structural – functional model, which argues that structural modernization, which leads to the establishment of man’s new specialized organizations and increased the aspect of functional differentiations in both governmental and non-governmental institutions, helps in the process of political development of third world countries.

This paper is divided into an introduction, four main sections and conclusion. The first section presents the theoretical framework of the study. The second section outlines the structure and the nature of the political system in the pre-reform era. The third section presents the structural reform of the 1920–1970’s as well as their impacts on the ruler’s authority. The fourth section analyses the structural modernization of the political system and their effects since 1970. Finally, the conclusion gives a summary of the main findings, which are in general – support the paper’s assumption.

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