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Volume :23 Issue : 89 1998      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

KUWAIT IMPORTS OF FOOD PRODUCTS BEFORE THEINVASION AND AFTER LIBERATION

Auther : By: Dr. Zakaria A. Basha

 

The main purpose of this paper is to study the short and long-term effects of the Iraqi invasion on Kuwait imports of food products.  The study showed that as a result of the invasion, the size and structure of the domestic demand for food products changed dramatically right after Kuwait’s liberation. Those changes differed from one food product to another.  In order to clarify those changes, a comparative analysis was carried out on the basis of time–series data concerning food imports during the 1973-1989 and 1994 periods.

A quantitative approach was applied and demand functions for food imports were derived for each period.

The comparative results showed that between 1991 and 1994, there had been several changes, which can be summarized as follows:

1)                 Most of food products experienced a substantial decrease in imports level, such as: fish products; fruits and vegetables; coffee and tea and grain products.

2)                 Net imports of livestock and meat products came back to their previous levels in a very short period.

3)                 On the other hand, net imports of several food products increased.  For example, net imports of dairy products and egg increased by 9.2%, also net imports of fish-products increased from 2.5 tons in 1991 to 5 tons in 1994.

By the year 2000, the quantitative study had shown that net imports of food products would have increased gradually not only to reach the pre-liberation levels but also to exceed those levels by substantial amounts.  In addition, consumption behavior and demand structure for food products, which experienced notable change between 1991 and 1994, would retain their previous state with negligible change.

Briefly, the main finding of the study showed that the Iraqi invasion had temporarily affected Kuwait imports of food products, consumption behavior and demand structure.  After liberation, it took only few years for those products to come back to their pre-innovation levels and structures.

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