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Volume :22 Issue : 85 1997      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

THE REBELLIONS OF THE PEOPLE OF JA’LAN REGION AGAINST THE AUTHORITY OF THE MUSQAT GOVERNMENT DURING THE NINETEENTH CENTURY

Auther : By: Dr. Saeed ‘Amr M. Al-‘Amr

 

The Ja’lan region is located to the cast of Oman on the coast of the Arabian Sea and is encircled by the Ja’lan Mountains.  The most important of this region’s towns and villages were Balad Bani By Ali, Al-Ashkarah, Ra’s Al-Ru’ays and Sur, the last of which was both the main port for Jalan and the most important of its towns.

The chief tribe of the region was Banu Bu’ Ali, a Ghafri tribe of political prominence also in Oman.  Socially the tribe consisted of two kinds of people: the Bedouin, who worked as shepherds and owned camels and urbanized members of the tribe, who settled in the region’s towns and villages engaged in trade, fishing, agriculture (especially the cultivation of date palms), and other settled activities.  Banu Bu Ali was, in fact, made up of smaller tribes such as Al-Fuhud, Al-Ja’afirah, Banu Rizq and Al-Sinadah.  Aclan of the last mentioned, Al-Humudah, produced the sheikhs of Banu Bu Ali.  It has been estimated that during the second half of the nineteenth century, the tribe of Banu Bu Ali numbered nine thousand members.  There were other, smaller tribes in Ja’lan such as al-Jinabah and some clans of al-Qawasim, all belonging to the Sunni sect and on good terms which Banu Bu Ali.  There was, however, one important tribe in the region, Banu Bu Hasan, of Hinawi tribal grouping, who adhered to the Ibadi sect and who were consequently at enmity with Banu Bu Ali.

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