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Volume :26 Issue : 98 2000      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

OMAN’S RELATIONS WITH BAHRAIN AND KUWAIT (1744 – 1804)

Auther : By: Dr. Sa’ad B. Muhammad Al-Hashimy (B.A., M.Phil, Ph.D.)

 
 

The paper presents the relationship between Oman and the States of Bahrain and Kuwait in the second half of the 18th century when Oman was ruled by Imam Ahmad Bin Said Al-bu Saidi and his sons. Bahrain was annexed to Oman in 1717 and remained under its control for more than twenty years. It was lose as a result of the problems that Oman faced during the Y’aribah Imamate and its fall and the Nadir Shah’s ambitions in the Arabian Gulf.

Imam Ahmed was elected as Imam in 1749 and he ruled for 34 years, a period which witnessed the settlement of Al-Sabah in Kuwait and Al-Khaliyfah in Al-Zubarah and then in Bahrain. It also witnessed the zenith of power of Karim Khan in Persia and his siege of Basrah for more than two years 1775–1777. Imam Ahmad bin Said played a role in helping the people of Basrah to lift the Persian siege. The relations between the Iman and ‘Utu’b was positive and friendly.

After the death of Imam Ahmad in 1783, Oman witnessed a period of political instability and dissension among the Imam’s son. Oman’s Affairs were entrusted to his son Sultan bin Imam Ahmad who based his authority in Muscat as his capital. Sayyid Sultan started to annex a group of the Gulf Islands. He captured Bahrain and threatened Kuwait, but Al-Khaliyfah revolted against him with the help of the Saudis and all his attempts to invade Bahrain failed.

This paper traces the change in relation between rulers of Oman and the Utu’b (Al Khalifah and Al Sabah) which occurred in the latter part of the eighteenth century. Friendly relations existed during the reigns of Imam Ahmad B. Sa’id and were re-established during that of his grandson, Badr B. Sayf (1805–1806). However, tension and hostility supervened during the reigns of Imam Said and Sultan B. Ahmad. The reasons for this change in relations are examined below.

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May 18, 2017

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