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Volume :26 Issue : 98 2000      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

SOCIAL BACKGROUNDS OF THE STANDS OF KUWAIT UNIVERSITY STUDENTS ON THE PROBLEMATIC ISSUE OF THE EQUALITY BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN

Auther : By: Dr. Ali Asaad Wutfa, and Dr. Essa Mohamed Al-Ansari

 
 

This research was conducted in Kuwait University during the second term of the academic year 1998 – 1999. Specimens taken for the research were composed of 714 students of both sexes from different colleges and departments. The study focused on a multi-purpose expression of opinion to measure the stands and trends of students pertaining to the issue of female - male equality in all domains of life, especially the issue of female political contribution and women working in the political circles, shoulder to shoulder with men. The main topic of the research is investigating the social backgrounds of the students’ trends towards equality between both sexes. The study adopted the descriptive analysis method including all the steps of this method such as field research, microscopic analysis of the variables of the study, which include beside social factors the variables of sex, college year, majors, residence area, civil status and age.

The most important results of this study indicate the following:

*Female elements of the specimen compared to the males had progressive positive trends towards equality between both sexes.

*All students in general (male and female) registered their strong objection to the principle of women’s contribution in political life. While students agreed to the principle of equality in marital life and education, there was evident objection to equality in possession and astonishingly stronger objection to women’s political contribution. This is due to a cluster of prevalent social trends that denies women their political rights in Kuwait.

*The educational and professional levels of parents play a key role in influencing the attitudes of university students towards the status of women in society. This means that whenever the educational level of the parents goes higher on the educational scale, the more positive their children’s attitudes towards equality between both sexes. This also applies to the professional level of the parents, on the professional scale of scientific jobs (medicine – engineering – businessmen – higher circles) and jobs that claim social prestige.

*The nature of the mother’s work greatly affects students’ attitudes towards the position of women in society. This means that such a tendency for equality between both sexes becomes higher for children who live in family where the mother works outside the house, and lower for those whose mothers are housewives.

*The trends of scientific colleges students towards the principle of equality between both sexes are higher and stronger than those of the students of the colleges of human arts and sciences like literature, arts and education as these fields of study are conservative and tend to reproduce the social values and criteria prevalent in society.

The trends of senior students towards equality between both sexes fall back as the students of the third and fourth year registered lower enthusiasm for equality between both sexes compared to freshmen. This also applies to the age scale of students as we discovered that the esteem of women in the age of male students as they develop in the age goes lower and lower which means that university and society back up the negative attitude towards women in society with the progress of age of young men.

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May 18, 2017

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