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Volume :26 Issue : 97 2000      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF THE GULF WAR

Auther : By: Dr. Mane Al-Sudairawi, Dhari Al-Ajmi, Raafat Misak, and Reem Al-Nefisi

 

The environment of Kuwait has been severly disrupted by the military operations and the oil well fires during the different phases of the Gulf war (1990 - 1991). The main objective of the present study is to qualitatively asses the environmental impact of the Gulf War. The matrix system is applied. In this matrix system, the main activities are tabulated against the environmental parameters. Scoring from ten to zero was used to reflect the magnitude of the potential impact and its importance. Scoring was based on the experience of specialists of different fields, i.e. geology, plant ecology, soils, hydrogeology, biology, air pollution and meteorology. The activities during different phases of the Gulf War were quantified using the information on the Iraqi war machinery and fortifications, satelite images before and after the Gulf war and intensive field survey.

The present study reveals that the liberation phase activities inflicted the most adverse environmental impact on the environment, whereas the activities during the pre-invasion phase had the lowest environmental impact. Moreover, the oil fires and their consequences had the gratest impact on the environmental elements. Land parameters were highly affected by the different activities. The south-western area is the most severly damaged area. The main cause of damage was the oil well fires and their consequences and military operations. The north-eastern area, which contains vital water resources, followed in the rate of damage. Both military operations and oil well fires and consequences damaged this area. The western and northwestern areas affected by military operations follow in the degree of damage.

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May 18, 2017

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