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Volume :26 Issue : 97 2000      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

THE CARTER DOCTRINE AND THE SECURITY OF THE ARABIAN GULF

Auther : By Dr. Abdulhameed A. Al-Musharraf

 
 

U.S. policies in the Middle east rested on a member of basic objectives, These are:

1) safeguarding the vast oil resources in the region and strategic acces to them,

2) using the strategic location of the area as a buffer zone to contain the advances of the Soviet Union,

3) improving ties with moderate Arab States in the region,

4) maintaining peace and stability in the area, and

5) granting Israel unlimited protection and support. But these goals were often misinterpreted and clashed with the interests of the people involved.

Active US policies in the region began to take shape with the declaration of Truman’s Doctrine in 1947, which promised both economic and military aid to Middle Eastern Countries to help them resist Soviet pressure after the collapse of the CENTO Pact which as created by the US following the disintegration of the Baghdad Pact. With the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1980 and the fall of the Shah in Iran, the Carter Doctrine was declared, and though it was attached by both US allies and enemies, it came to regard for the first time that the protection of the region’s oil rich resources in a purely American undertaking, excluding all others.

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May 18, 2017

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