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Volume :26 Issue : 97 2000      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

THE DEVELOPMENT OF SAUDI ARABIAN URBAN SYSTEM AND ITS MODEL OF SPATIAL STRUCTURE

Auther : By: Dr. Mohammed Ibrahim Arbab

 

There is an increasing awareness of the intimate relationship between spatial structure and development. Some scholars adopt the theory of social equity through an evenly distributed settlement, while others give priority to the economic efficiency through capitalizing in few relatively advantaged growth poles and centers, despite the expected co-reperiphery situation, on the grounds of natural equilibrium mechanism rooted in any system.

Counter arguments state that the polarization process, with its resulting backwash effects and regional disparities, is an everlasting mechanism in the shadow of the capitalism and the terms of international trade.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia witnessed the fastest urbanization and economic growth trends, which attracted the largest international migration in size compared to the cultural sub-region. The consequent over-concentration belt of population, investment and metropolitans extends across the middle of the country. Unlike the majority of world spatial systems, the Saudi model is policore or regional primary pattern, moreover, the economic ability enabled the country to avoid problems as shanty towns, housing, urban poor…etc.

Although the burning question has to do with search for an appropriate strategy, the real challenges lay in the timing of polarization reversal since decisions if taken too early or too late are bound to have negative consequencies.

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May 18, 2017

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