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Volume :26 Issue : 97 2000      Add To Cart                                                                    Download


Auther : By: Dr. Hamdy Ali Ezzat


The Iraqi invasion had an impact, which cannot be neglected on all aspects of the population structure of the State of Kuwait, particularly with regard to economics. During dates of comparison (1990 & 1998), the changes concentrate on the immigrant’s society. This is very common because controlling the characteristics of immigrants could be applied easier.

Among the main demographic changes, which affected the population structure after the invasion are: the slight slowing down of the population growth of the Kuwaiti society, increasing the percentage of middle ages of immigrants and their sex ratio and the progress in educational level for Kuwaitis as opposed to the immigrant; also the increasing of the Asian nationalities to the Arab after the invasion with a rate of 1.4:1 where the Arab had the majority before the invasion. The most important reasons are the wide spread of cheap Asian laborers, particularly in the family sector and rejection of the return of some Arab nationalities such as Palestinians and Jordanians who supported the invasion, and who were forming the majority of Arabs in Kuwait.

A considerable rises in the rate of economic participation whether to Kuwaitis or immigrants, males or females, is recorded after the invasion. That coincides with a slight reduction of the unemployment rates, which confirm the fast recovery of the Kuwaiti economy. Although the immigrants always form the majority of the work force, the Kuwaitis raised their share from 13.9% before the invasion to 16.4% after the invasion.

The governmental sector has been attracting the significant majority of Kuwaiti laborers whether before the invasion or after it, to the extent that participation of Kuwaitis in other sectors is negligible. But the immigrant laborers are distributed into three main sectors: the private sector that employs more than half of the workers, then the family sector and the governmental sector. The government’s procedures highly succeeded to reduce the number of immigrant laborers in the governmental sector after the invasion.

Most Kuwaiti laborers work in the scientific professions, the females in particular. Meanwhile the immigrants are distributed fairly in all types of professions, taking into account the decline of the rural professions participation in the labor skeleton. No change occurred to this distribution after the invasion except the percentage reduction of immigrant laborers in the scientific professions in favor of the productive and service professions.

The significant majority of the Kuwaiti laborers concentrates in the group of service activities whether before or after the invasion, particularly the females. Also, three-quarters of the immigrants work in the same group while the remaining quarter works in the industrial activities group. The rural activities can be neglected due to the small participation in the economic activities. No obvious changes appear in this situation because of the invasion.

In the future, in the light of this study, it is likely that the economic participation rates will rise for the Kuwaitis, particularly among females, side by side with reduction of the dependency ratio. In return the growth of the immigrant labor force will soon slow down clearly, then will gradually decrease.

The predominance of the Asian nationalities will be noticeable in the labor force. It is expected that a slight change will occur in the labor distribution to the economic sectors: the governmental sector will reduce its growth for the sake of private sector. The family sector will continue its growth by a rate equal to the growth rate of the Kuwaiti population. Regarding the professional population and economic structures, no essential changes are expected if the economic and social circumstances remain as they are now.

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Dec 26, 2021

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