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Volume :24 Issue : 93 1999      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

MANAGING WATER RESOURCES IN KUWAIT USING UNDERGROUND ARTIFICIAL STORAGE

Auther : Dr. Meshan M. Al-Otaibi

 

The underground storage of fresh water in saline aquifers by the artificial recharges process may be used as an alternative to the surface reservoir.  Such a process would typically involve injection of fresh water, storage until needed and subsequent production from the same well.  Storing water underground has the advantages of minimizing evapo-transpiration losses, equalizing water temperatures, providing natural filtration and ensuring a protected local water supply during times of emergency .  Also, the artificial recharge can be used to increase the depleted aquifer water levels to halt undesirable effects resulting from overpumping (such as salt water intrusion).

Kuwait being an arid country, artificial groundwater recharge could be a valuable management option to achieve the followings: (1) providing a long-term underground strategic reserve, (2) operating the desalination plants at their optimum capacity all over the year irrespective of seasonal fluctuations in domestic water demand, and (3) improving the depleted aquifers yield.  These can be attained using two types of underground storages.  First, using a short-term seasonal storage, desalination plants can operate at their optimum capacity year-round, while the aquifer yield can be increased.  Second, using a long- term storage, surplus of desalination water can be stored in the aquifers for subsequent use during emergency conditions resulting from unexpected casual stoppage of desalination plants.  A rigorous numerical modeling technique was applied in assessing the suitability of aquifers in Kuwait for achieving these motivation.

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May 18, 2017

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