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Volume :24 Issue : 92 1999      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

A MODEL TO MEASURE THE TRENDS HAVING VARIABLE VALUES FOR RANKING AND COMPARING SOCIAL CLASSES...A Case Study: measuring and Comparing Environmental Awareness of Educational Classes in Kuwaiti Society

Auther : Dr. Saeed Wahba and Ghaleb A. Al-Murad

 

It is considered vital to assess environmental awareness of the society and its behavior towards the environment. This is a basic element to formulate plans and programs to enhance environmental awareness and amending the behavior towards the environment among the various sectors and members of the society.

To achieve that purpose a scale is required to be implemented for obtaining a reliable measurement to the awareness of each of the social classes distributed according to different variables, e.g. the education level, profession, economic level, residential area, age interval, gender or nationality .etc.

It is also important to recognize how each of these classes perceived each specific environmental problem and hence to know its comprehensive (integrated) awareness with all environmental problems of cases.

A mathematical model (Ordinary Scale) was designed to evaluate both the specific and comprehensive environmental awareness. The model based on finding out the percentage of the individuals which belong to a certain class who choose one of the offered, pre-evaluated answers for a question or a case. Obtaining a relative weighted value for each class concerning each question or case, the different classes can be ranked according to their awareness of the question.

Using ranking coefficient, the resultant answers of each class for the whole offered questions or cases (a questionnaire) are summed up.

A program QBASIC language was designed to execute calculations and ranking social classes, and was implemented to measure the specific and comprehensive environment awareness. Randomized sample of 300 individuals representing Kuwaiti society was subdivided into 5 classes according to their educational level. Eighteen environmental questions and cases were chosen carefully to measure the environmental awareness based on selecting one out of four multiple choices and accordingly the classes could be ranked as follows: General Secondary Certificate and Diploma holders (71.1%), University Graduates and Post-Graduates (57.1%), Primary Ed. (50.9%), Intermediates (46.2%) and finally the Illiterates (14.3%).

Using the proposed model (scale) with an appropriate questionnaire. The (integrated) environmental awareness can be determined and ranked for each of the society class according to any variable (education, gender,….etc), which can help in awareness policy making.

The proposed scale and the questionnaire can be used to compare and order society classes owing to their awareness or behavior towards any scientifically approved case (e.g. health) awareness, economical awareness, consumptive awareness, etc. Using this new scale, it is also possible that the members in a group of many countries (e.g. GCC) can be compared and classified (orders) for any particular awareness.

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May 18, 2017

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