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Volume :23 Issue : 91 1998      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

FEATURES OF THE INDUSTRIAL MAP OF JUBAILINDUSTRIAL CITY, EASTERN PROVINCE, SAUDI ARABIA DURING THE LAST QUARTER OF THE 20th CENTURY

Auther : Dr. Feryal Mohammed Al-Hajri

 

           The most important outcome of the industrialization policy embraced by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was the establishment of an industrial city to exploit the petroleum and hydrocarbon resources.  This consequently gave birth to Juabil Industrial City with its three initial complexes (basic, secondary and supportive), each one of which spawned a number of industries specialized in the production of a commodity or part of it and are linked together by some linear, horizontal and vertical industrial links.  Jubail Industrial City has acquired prominent significance among the other industrial cities of the Kingdom by virtue of the fact it has attracted more than one fifth of the capital invested in transportation industry although it does not account for more than 0.5% of the number of total industrial installation.  The objective of this study is to trace the geophysical distribution of the industrial installation in Jubail as well as to analyze and identify their industrial characteristics and patterns and the local distribution of the installations.  The most important conclusion of the research is that industrial investment opportunities are still available in the area (78.66%) in spite of the astronomical increase achieved by this sector (1300%) over 19 years.

          Review of Jubail Industrial map indicates that the basic industries, which depend on the industries that use hydrocarbons for raw materials occupy the top rank in terms of invested capital criteria, space and industrial labor at the rates of 94.85%, 73.86% and 60.31% of the total respectively, and the second rank in terms of the number of industrial installations at 12.21%, followed by the secondary industries which grow on the exploitation of basic industry products in the second slot in terms of space and invested capital at 18.56% and 3.26% of the total respectively.

          The light and support industries occupy the first rank in terms of the number of industrial installations (77.10%), the second in terms of industrial labor (30.58%) and the third in terms of space and invested capital at 7.57% and 1.89 of the total respectively.

           The analytical study of the volume structure of the city’s industrial installations, based on 1997 industrial labor and invested capital parameters indicates that the dominant feature of Jubail structure is its small size because small volume installations where the total number of works and the capital invested are below 60 workers and 60 millions respectively, account for nine tenth of the city’s volume structure

           Measurement of the industrial indigenous factor for Jubail supports the strong indigenisation of the industrial services, which amounts to 13.55%, followed by chemical, petrochemical and plastic industries at 2.25%, where more than three quarters of the city’s labor operates.

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