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Volume :29 Issue : 111 2003      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

IBN HUBAIRA AND IBN SAYYAR AND THE FALL OF THE UMAYYAD CALIPHATE

Auther : Ahmad Ali Al-Sirri

 

         This study analyzes in detail the relationship between Ibn Sayyar, the governor of Khurasan and Ibn Hubaira, the governor of Iraq and the entire Eastern Umayyad territories. The two governors were the most powerful statesmen in the last days of Umayyad Era.

         Specifically, the study addresses two main points: (a) the impact of the relationship between the two governors names above on the march of events of the Abbasid revolution, which began in Khurasan and led to the fall of the Umayyad Caliphate, and (b) the position of the last Umayyad Caliph, Marwan Bin Muhammed, pertaining to such events in view of the nature of the relationship that existed between his two powerful Governors of Khurasan and Iraq. The analysis of historical documents, mainly, correspondences that took place between Ibn Sayyar and Ibn Hubaira on one hand, and between the two and Marwan on the other hand, has revealed many important details of the events that took place in Khurasan and Iraq.

         The main finding of the study is that the personal ambitions of Ibn Hubaira and the adversarial nature of his relationship with Ibn Sayyar contributed significantly to the fall of the Umayyad caliphate, a finding that has received little attention in historical writing on that period, which tend to overemphasize the importance of the battle of the “ZAAB” in the fall of the Umayyad Caliphate.

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May 18, 2017

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