Volume :19 Issue : 75 1994
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THE HYPOTHETICAL POPULATION PATTERN OF THE POPULATION GROWTH OF THE STATE OF KUWAIT IN THE PRE-OIL ERA
Auther : By: Dr. Abdulalah Al Wateed
When studying Kuwait population growth, attention of schools and demographers was given mainly, to the post-oil era. Therefore, neglecting completely the dynamic of the Kuwaiti population growth before that period. This study concentrates basically on the growth of the population of Kuwait and attempts to describe its development from the establishment of the country as a sociopolitical state in the eighteenth century up to the end of the first half of the twentieth century.
Due to the lack of statistical information for this study period, a new method is used to help describing the Kuwaiti population and its growth. The selected methodology is based on two elements. First, the historical data in the writings of historians and travelers. Second, the explanations of Demographic Transition Theory. From these two elements, we have concluded the followings:
- Kuwait as a geographical area was not occupied by a well known population immediately before the arrival of Bani Utub. Although there was a small group of people, Bani Utub incorporated them under their economical and political umbrella.
- The majority wave of Bani Utub in the beginning of the 18th century was the cause for creating Kuwait population and society. However, the general impact of migration factor on population growth was very minimal after the first migration for that period.
- Natural increase factor which is the result of fertility and mortality counts, has a low rate of increase. Nevertheless it played the major role for the growth of the population of Kuwait for the studied period.
- In general, the population of Kuwait showed an ascending trend in its growth, eventhough the population growth rate was low.
- The population composition of Kuwait comprised of a heterogeneous structure where there were Arabs, Iranians, Jews and Africans; however, the majority of its members were Arab Muslims.