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Volume :19 Issue : 74 1994      Add To Cart                                                                    Download


Auther : By: Dr. Eweiad Sultan Al Mish’an* and Dr. Ahmad Mohammad Abd Al- Khaliq*


This study aimed at examining the realization of research random of Kuwaiti University students from both sexes to the psychological impression of the Iraqi aggression. The study was carried out according to students’ opinion, two years after liberation i.e. two years and seven months since the aggression started.

The study depended on an open-ended written question: “The Iraqi aggression of Kuwait had several sordid impressions which were reflected upon the youth spirit. In your opinion, what are the psychological impressions of this aggression as reflected on the Kuwaiti youth behaviour?”

This question was given to a research random of different faculties of Kuwait University. The research random composed of 219 male and female students. The answers were collected, categorized, repeated answers were deleted, some answers were recapitulated and others were well revised and amended. The unrepeated answers were 151 items, every item was considered a psychological impression of the Iraqi aggression according to the students’ point of view. These 151 items were listed and instructed. The instructions asked the research random members to circle the item number he/she expected as a psychological impression, which resulted of the Iraqi aggression at the Kuwaiti youth. This list was implemented on a new research random of the students from different faculties. The research random was 311 personnel (125 male students-186 female students).

The statistical analysis of this list started according to the repetition of every item (the number of the research random that selected the item) followed by making percentage. This was done, separately, for every male and female student. The percentage ranged between:

87% greatly affected by invasion.

  • 6% little affected by invasion.

It was observed that most items were generally passive such as: tension, feeling of insecurity, worry, pessemism, sadness….

A few of the items were positive such as: belief in God increased, philanthropic and interest to defend the country. The number of passive impressions excelled the number of positive impressions. The five items that mostly repeated (from 83% to 73%) by the students of both sexes were: the hatred of some Arab Countries, feeling of insecurity, belief in God increased, insecurity of political future, thinking of the probability of reinvasion..

A new system was adopted. The first 50 items were given new instructions. They were to be answered according to fivefold measurement (from “NO” to “very much”). This list was applied on research random Kuwaiti students (N = 122 of both sexes). The correlation coefficient between items was counted, the coefficient was analysed, 12 coefficient came out covering 72% of the different factor. But it was enough to explain the first four factors because of the decline of the percentage of the following:

A high percentage of difference covered the first factor (29.6%). It was explained as sadness, anxiety, anger, pessimism, monotomy, fear, increased nervousness and tension.

The second factor (7.3%) can be called aggressive behaviour. Items were crime increase, murder increase, theft increase, insecurity of political future, deep thinking of war, aggressiveness and violence.

The third factor (6%) called innovating behaviour. Items were: imitating the west clothing, keeping weapons, traveling abroad a lot and heavy smoking.

The fourth factor (5%) called passive impression of aggression on the Arab standard. Items were distrust in Arabism, saying military terms and hatred of some Arab countries.

The result of the study indicates, in general, a passive impression on the Kuwaiti youth because of the Iraqi aggression. It is clear from the great number of items (151) which students mentioned as psychological impressions of the aggression and the high percentage of the students who selected these items as psychological ones.

The impressions can be concentrated in the following four factors:

  1. intensification of nervous breakdown.
  2. increase in aggressive behaviour.
  3. innovating behaviour.
  4. passive impression on the Arab standard.

The students have mentioned these impressions after two years of liberation, which indicates the profound impact, left by the aggression on Kuwait and which also means the need to treat and wipe out these impressions.

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Dec 26, 2021

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