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Volume :19 Issue : 72 1994      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

THE GEOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF INDUSTRY IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA -AN ANALYTICAL STUIDY IN ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY

Auther : By: Prof. Dr. Mahmoud Mohammad Seif

  

          In some locations in Saudi Arabia, industry was known from early times as wool textiles, metal industries and copper pots.  These industries were primitive depending on local raw materials.  Industry in Saudi Arabia developed after oil had been discovered, its production and price were increased and the essential capital for industry was saved.  So the number of factories increased from five factories with a capital of about 42 million SR in 1954 to 376 factories with a capital of 5,000 million SR in 1974.

           This industrial progress, in number of factories workers and the invested capital is due to the good policy of the state in developing industry.  The government does its best for capitalizing all the resources of the country, encouraging both the private sector and the foreign capitalization which is accompanied with the technical experience necessary for industrial projects.  For this reason the state issued laws that encourage industry, established Saudi Industrial Development Fund (SIDF), built up a good network of paved roads and constructed a number of water desalination stations.

           This research aims to illustrate the characteristics of industry in Saudi Arabia from a geographical viewpoint such as the importance of industry, its distribution, regions of industrial concentration and its factors, relations between industrial and population distribution and the suggested regions to which more industrial significance must be oriented.

           In spite of the recentness of industry in Saudi Arabia it developed much.  It is expected to be more developed in the future.  This study recommends with regarding the balanced distribution between industry and population in all regions compared with the degree of abundance of industrial factors in each region.

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