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Volume :19 Issue : 72 1994      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

THE SEVENTH KUWAITI NATIONAL ASSEMBLY ELECTION ANALYSIS AND RESULTS

Auther : By: Dr. Abdullah K. Al-Shayeji

   

          It has been said a long time ago, that Kuwait is too rich for its own good and is too vulnerable to defend itself, with a stereotype about Kuwaitis for being too spoiled and too rich to care about democracy.

 The Iraqi invasion and occupation of the little defenseless Kuwait for seven months from August 1990 through February 1991 has highlighted the importance of the need of a lasting and comprehensive political reform to ease and soften the bitterness of the siege mentality that besieges Kuwaitis in the aftermath of the traumatic experience.

 Kuwait is the only country among the GCC States that enjoys somehow a sustained legislative experience.  After 19 months of Kuwait’s liberation from the Iraqi occupation, the country conducted one of the freest elections in the Arab World.  In October 1992, just 13 per cent of the citizens were eligible to vote and they elected one of the most vociferous National Assembly, in the 30-year history of the Kuwaiti parliament.

 The elections to the 7th National Assembly in October 1992 represent a watershed phenomena, not because they come after more than a six-and-a-half years of forced hiatus, (after it was suspended by the ruling elites, back in July 1986) and not because it came after the brutal Iraqi occupation, but because of its unprecedented results and its timing. 

 Since its establishment in 1963, the Kuwaiti National Assembly has exhibited and continues to show a unique independence and a resilient stewardship that sets it apart from many of the Third World parliaments.  The Kuwait National Assembly made its indelible marks on Kuwaiti politics by its independence stance and challenging and probing the ruling elites.

 This study highlights the significance of the unique Kuwaiti legislative experience with special emphasis on the 7th National Assembly of October 1992.

 The study will highlight and focus on the following points:

 1. The importance and the meaning of the National Assembly in Kuwaiti political system.

 2. The constraints and the forces that collaborated to restore the Kuwaiti National Assembly; especially the Iraqi invasion and the Jeddah popular conference.

 3. The issues, the campaign, the new opposition, the political groups, the results and the unprecedented composition of the 7th National Assembly.  With figures tables and charts.

 4. The challenges, the agenda and the future emphasis will be given to the argument that Kuwait is at its crossroads and the enhancement of the political participation and genuine reforms that will act as the safety net to safeguard the fragility of the Kuwaiti precarious.

 Furthermore, the study will advance the notion that the Kuwaiti indigenous legislative experience could feasibly lend itself as a blueprint and as a role model for the other Gulf countries who share a lot of characteristics with Kuwait.  The Kuwaiti experience could act as a harbinger for the other GCC States to build upon the immolate.

 

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