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Volume :14 Issue : 54 1988      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

FISH RESOURCES IN THE ARABIAN GULF AND THEIR IMPORTANCE AS SOURCE OF FOOD AND NATIONAL INCOME

Auther : By: Dr. Saif M. A.

 
          Fishery resources play an important role in many countries world wide because of their crucial importance as food as well as a source of income.  Since Fisheries are natural renewable resources, therefore, their utilization should be carefully managed.  There is a considerable biomass of fish in the Arabian Gulf.  It is considered the second productive water body in the Arab Region.  The estimated quantities of Pelagic and Demersal fish stocks in the Arabian Gulf are 850,000 ton and 600,000 ton respectively, except Crustacea (e.g. shrimp) and snails.  Despite these quantities, the level of fish production is not sufficient to satisfy the demand of these protein resources in the Arabian Gulf countries.

           This could be due to the use of conventional fishing methods, which leads to low production, and causes these countries to import different fish and fishery products in order to bridge the gap between supply and demand for these products.

           Since 1960 many studies and surveys have been carried out in the Arabian Gulf to assess the stocks of fish in this area.  These surveys were either local or with the cooperation FAO.  The shared stocks of commercial fishes and shrimp between the Gulf countries need more cooperation in the field of scientific research such as joint survey operations and monitoring of fishery resources.  This will lead to the establishment of joint management to optimize the utilization of fish resources in the Arabian Gulf countries.  This study is based on the available information on fishery resources statistics from 1980-1984 in the G.C.C. countries.  It was found that these countries can produce their needs of fishery products (e.g. fresh fish) by increasing fish production and enabling the active transportation of fish amount the Arabian Gulf countries.  The fish culture programme will also provide certain amounts of the preferred fish species.  Kuwait’s experience in aquaculture can serve as a very good example in this field.

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