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Volume :17 Issue : 66 1992      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

THE EVOLUTION OF THE GULF POLITICALELITE RELATIONS WITH BRITAIN

Auther : Dr. Abdullah Juma Al-Haj

 

         The article considers the history of the British presence in the Arabian Gulf and its effects on the area and its native ruling political elites.  It argues that the presence of Britain in the Gulf is dangerous because the British interests in the Gulf have been bound up with Indian history.  The paper gives an idea about the Portuguese capture of Hormuz under the leadership of Albuquerque in 1507, and about their replacement by the Dutch, and the Dutch by the British.  The British became the controllers of the Indian Ocean and the trade routes between India and Europe via the Arabian Gulf and the Red Sea.  This led to British-India-Navy taking action in the Arabian Gulf to destroy the Qawasimi Navy in Ras Al-Khaimah and Sharjah by 1819 in order to secure the British interests vis-à-vis the local people’s interests and those of the other Great Powers.

         Furthermore, as the discussion proceeds, the article considers the British Government announcement that British political and military presence would be withdrawn from the Arabian Gulf by the end of 1971.  Within this context brief ideas about the positions of the Labour Party leaders who were in power at the time, the Conservative Party leaders who were in opposition and those of the upper stratum of the Gulf political elites are given.

         The article covers a geographic area which consists of the ten smaller Emirates of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ras al-Khaimah, Ajman, Umm al-Quwain, Al-Fujairah, Kuwait, Bahrain and Qatar.

 

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