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Volume :14 Issue : 53 1988      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

AGRICULTURAL LABORERS IN KUWAIT

Auther : By: Dr. Sobhy Al-Mutawwa

 

           This study is a field research based on the analysis and assessment of data and information collected during a survey, which covered 579 workers in agriculture in Kuwait.  These workers were distributed among 116 farms in the three farming areas of Al-Wafra, Al-Abdally and Al-Salibia.  This number represents approximately one-fourth of the total task force available in each farm.  During the field survey, information on the labour force was collected through personal interviews that were recorded on questionnaires.  Each questionnaire was comprised of 32 questions designed for this research.  The questions aimed at:

 1.     Determining the structure and the source of the agricultural labor force in Kuwait.

 2.     Locating the impeding factors on the laborers’ productivity and suggesting methods for eliminating these factors.

 3.     Analyzing social conditions that might be a determinant of productivity.

 4.     Evaluating the efficiency of current guidance methods used by the Extension-Service in Kuwait.

 The data collected were statistically analyzed using cross tabulation methods, and the results were extrapolated, recorded and evaluated.  It was apparent from the sample under study that the labor force in agriculture was made up of expatriate workers and that Kuwaitis were not drawn on this type of occupation.  Most of the workers were of a young age, illiterate and Moslems coming from the Indian peninsula.  Only 12% were from other Arab countries.  For the most part, these workers came to Kuwait with previous agricultural experience; yet this experience was not applicable to Kuwait’s geographic and climatic conditions.  

 The date further showed that a large segment of the labor force sampled, found difficulty in executing their employers’ requests and instructions due to the language barrier.  The audio-visual aids currently used by the Extension-Service are of no value.  Finally, the data showed the existence of deviations from the current labor law regarding overtime, number of working hours per day, week and weekend.

 Suitable recommendations are given after an evaluation was completed on the above factors.  If implemented, these recommendations should improve productivity.

 

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