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Volume :12 Issue : 46 1986      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

THE FUTURE ROLE OF AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES IN THE YEMEN ARAB REPUBLIC

Auther : By: Dr. Nasser A. Al-Aulaqi and Dr. Adel Hindy

           Agriculture remains one of the major sectors in the national economy of the Yemen Arab Republic.  It employs more than 70% of the local work force and contributes about 30% to the gross national product.  It also provides 90% of national export earnings from such commodities as coffee, cotton-seeds and skins.

           Despite its central role in the economy of the Yemen Arab Republic, it remains predominantly subsistence-based and uses traditional farming methods.  In recent years import of food commodities has increased tremendously because agricultural production has not kept pace with the increased demand for food, which resulted from increased growth in population and incomes.  For example, the value of food imports has risen from 608 million Rials in 1975 to more than 2,182 million Rials in 1981.

           The inability of the agricultural sector in Yemen Arab Republic to meet food consumption requirements has created a sense of urgency on the part of those responsible for agricultural policies to find new ways and approaches to overcome the problems facing the agricultural sector in Yemen.  These policies include the redirection of the cooperative movement to move from the service-oriented activities to agricultural production activities.  It has been realized that the success achieved by the cooperative movement in areas such as education, health, transportation and water projects could be duplicated in agriculture.

           Modern cooperatives began in Yemen after the 1962 revolution and most of their activities have concentrated in services such as those noted above.  The improvements achieved by the cooperative movement depended on self-reliance methods without much contribution or direction from the Central Government.

           Because this new direction of the cooperative movement is basically different from the role it has chosen in the past, it is important that we shed some light on all the dimensions regarding the policies and plans which the cooperative movement should pursue in its future role in Yemeni agriculture.

           Therefore, the goal of this paper is as follows:

 -         Explaining major factors that will influence the formulation of policies and plans to increase the efficiency of Yemeni agriculture in the future.

 -         Proposing an institutional framework for agricultural cooperatives in the Yemen Arab Republic.

 -         Recommending ways by which agricultural cooperatives can help in improving the technological and economic efficiency of agriculture in Yemen.

 

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