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Volume :11 Issue : 43 1985      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

A GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS OF FOOD PROBLEMS IN YEMEN

Auther : By: Dr. Abbas Fadhil Al-Sa’ad

The actual implications of the food in Yemen points to different kinds of difficulties (sufferings) of this country regarding food. The agricultural sector in the country now-a-days is not able to satisfy the needs of its people (which is increasing), especially for the agricultural products.

Exports of such products constituted in 1981 almost 37% of the total cost, amount of the imports, of the exports. Such percentage equals almost 69 folds of the total agriculture exports of the country. Such increased in 1982 to about 220 folds according to the decrease in the total amount of agricultural exports.

The research aimed to acknowledge and analysis the dimension of such problem which facts to accomplish such a mean to accomplish this study, the researcher followed:

  1. Studying the agricultural potentialities and delimiting the geographical principals of it, including a study of the resources of the country (Land, water, human and financial).
  2. The crops and husbandry production, pointing out the geographical implications and economical of each food group whether agricultural or husbandry one.
  3. The trade balance and food protection. From these we can delimit the amount of food deficiency.
  4. Food energy and health situation. From these we can estimate the amount of food supply as protein, fats and the relation of such supply with the health standard of the country.
  5. A conclusion including the outstanding results of the research and suggestions may participate to solve the food problem.

The conclusions are:

  1. The food standard of the people in the northern part of Yemen is deteriorated. The people are suffering from food storage, both in quantity and quality. This appeared in the decrease of the amount of calories and proteins.
  2. Decrease of the situation of food satisfaction as it is indicated in foreign trade data. The imports of foodstuff amounted in 1980 about 49 folds of the exports of the same stuffs and 21 folds of the cost of exports as a whole.
  3. The standard of food consumption among the people varies greatly, in both rural and urban areas as well as among the people themselves.
  4. The value of the consumed food is not balanced especially the storage of the animal proteins.

As food satisfaction is of great importance to Yemen, the country is completed to take steps to utilize its agricultural potentials and its animal wealth in coordination with other Arab countries to overcome food problem by increasing the production of food stuff especially animals, grains, sugar, fruits and vegetables.

To reach the state of food satisfaction of the country, the researcher suggests a formulation active policy of both production and consumption, also the same thing concerning marketing, export and import of foodstuffs.

As for food production, the study suggests utilizing the valleys crossing the middle part of Tohamma plain according to the possibilities found there including both vertical and horizontal increase in grain production.

As for food consumption, it is necessary to delimit the quality and quantity of the needs requiring satisfaction and planning a policy which will encourage the consumption of local food products. As for the importation policy it is preferable that food products reach the consumer consequently in wise prices.

Regarding marketing and distribution it will be necessary to encourage the cooperative societies to market and distribute food products. Also it is necessary to store grains reaching to about 325 thousand tons in the year 2000. The last mentioned figure equals 21% of the expected consumption in the same year.

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May 18, 2017

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