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Volume :7 Issue : 28 1981      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

“MANPOWER PLANNING IN KUWAITI INDUSTRIAL COMPANIES”

Auther : Dr. Zaki M. Hashem

 
           This study is an analytical demonstration of the dimensions, techniques and practical problems of manpower planning in Kuwaiti industrial companies.   The information employed is obtained from replies to a specific questionnaire designed for this purpose and distributed to a sample of 13 industrial establishments.

         The study indicates the absence of comprehensive manpower planning, since manpower activities relate only to some levels and categories of employees.  It indicates also the lack of integration between manpower planning and the corporate planning process on one hand and the lack of coordination between the industrial companies and the national manpower-planning agency, on the other.  Owing to the lack of information centers, emphasis is given to short run manpower planning.   Only few companies have created specialized manpower planning units.  In general the carrying out of manpower plans is based highly on the management of personal judgment, rather than scientific techniques.  Many of the surveyed companies have been faced with problems related to manpower distribution of its economic utilization and development, and also with problems related to the age distribution of the employees.   Further, the study indicates the lack of certain required skills and occupations specially technicians and skilled craftsmen, the relatively high labour turnover rates among professions, technicians and skilled craftsmen and the low percentage of Kuwaitis in the total work force in the surveyed companies, specially in the productive work force (supervisors, experienced professions, technicians and skilled craftsmen).

          A number of recommendations are suggested in this study in order to achieve a workable manpower planning system.  The need is for more scientific approach to manpower planning.  Emphasis should be given to extending further in the future, the time dimension of manpower planning and to integrating manpower plans with other plans of the organization.  National training centers should launch extensive training programs in manpower planning.  Trends of growth in education should be adapted to the trends of labour market requirements.  Industrial consciousness, among people and especially among student, should be developed.   Expansion in establishing vocational training centers should be encouraged to provide the skill mix required in workforce.  Specific recommendations are suggested aiming at increasing the percentage of Kuwaitis in the workforce through the educational system, incentives and other approaches and policies aiming at changing some of the prevailing social traditions and values that hinder Kuwaitis from approaching technical and crafts employment.  Finally it is recommended that a national manpower strategy should be worked out.

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