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Volume :11 Issue : 43 1985      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

THE USE OF DOCUMENTS IN BORDER DISPUTES IN THE GULF AREA

Auther : By: Dr. Salah Al-Akkad

This paper aims at investigating the different methods of using historical documents for providing historical rights to sovereignty over lands and islands. Special attention is paid to the documents used by the government of Saudi Arabia in border disputes over the Buraimi Oases in the Gulf Area. Those documents are divided into three types.

  1. Diplomatic correspondence between the Saudi government and Britain.
  2. Allegrince pledges of tribal leaders.
  3. Zakat (alms) books used by Saudi Arabia to collect due from the tribal and urban population of the disputed Area.

Attention is paid to the border demarcation as outlined in the draft Ottoman-British agreement of 1913 that was not ratified because of the First World War. That agreement covered many of the issues that were of interest to both Britain and the Ottoman Empire. The standpoint of the Saudi government towards this draft agreement is analyzed. The bases on which it is rejected that agreement were an important issue. Britain on the other hand, by the agreement whenever it was in its own interests and considered it void when it was counter its interests.

The paper also shows how the Saudi government showed its historical rights in Buraimi Oases and its dependence on British Sources as well as Arabic ones, in addition to the sayings of the 19th century explorers of the Arabian Gulf area.

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