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Volume :11 Issue : 42 1985      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

ADEN BETWEEN PORTUGUESE DESIGNS AND OTTOMAN AMBITIONS DURING FIRST HALF OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY

Auther : By: Dr. Tarek N.Al-Hamadani

During the first half of the 16th century, both the Portuguese and the Ottomans exerted a lot of pressure on Aden in order to seize it because of its strategic and commercial importance to them. These pressures were faced by a lot of resistance and Defence strategies on the part of the people of Aden who also employed diplomatic channels to avert those imperial attacks.

This paper surveys the Portuguese designs against Aden. In 1513, Albuquerque besieged the city to cut off the trade routes from the east of the Red Sea. The city, under the rule of Marjan, never surrendered although there was a promise to supply the Portuguese with the provisions they asked for.

The Ottomans had similar strategic ambitions in Aden. After extending their influence to Egypt, they became face to face with the Portuguese in the Red Sea. The presence of the Portuguese, in a strong fortified Aden mould forms an immense military threat to the Ottomans. That was the reason enough for them to plan to occupy Aden. Their 1538 expedition failed to conquer Aden and dislodge the Portuguese from the Indian Ocean and India, and led to the loss of trust between the people of Aden and the Ottomans.

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