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Volume :11 Issue : 41 1985      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

PRODUCTION CO-OPERATIVES AND DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN THE YEMEN ARAB REPUBLIC

Auther : By: Dr. Abd El-Rahman Zaki Ibrahim

The development of prosperous and productive agriculture based on the individual farm and the traditional type of co-operatives is slow to achieve. From the social and political aspects, a rise in production may be attempted after the establishment of co-operatives capable of gradually transforming from the traditional type operating mainly in credit, supply and marketing to ones, mainly engaged in production.

The members of production co-operatives are required to turn over all the land they own and use, to the common use of the co-operative association with the exception of household plots which may be retained within the size regulated by the statute. The economic activities of production co-operatives cover large-scale agricultural production and supply as well as the marketing activities connected with them. Cooperatives may therefore establish plants to process their products.

The idea of pooling the limited resources of small, uneconomical holding in order to achieve the advantage of large scale production is certainly appealing. The transformation of divided lands parcels into economically cultivable farm units are not open to considerations other than those of immediate and practical implementation. This is necessary to enable the owners of small-holdings to participate in the development plans.

What I want to emphasize here is that we have to encourage co-operative ownership in Yemeni agriculture. Attaining collectivization gradually by convincing the farmers of the need for it, is in the long-run by far the most effective policy. I suggest that we have to adopt the principle which says that one thing leads to another, i.e. a simple form of cooperation can lead to a slightly more complex one, and then still a more complex one as confidence increases. Where there is luck of able and dedicated technicians, the farmers can convert their co-operative society into a complete collective one in stages first by cultivating only part of the land collectively, then by forming themselves into group work for cultivating the whole and so on through joint farming with individual ownership retained to full fledged collective farming.

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