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Volume :10 Issue : 39 1984      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

ASPECTS OF DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE IN KUWAIT ( 1975 – 1980 )

Auther : By: Dr. Makki Aziz

The population o f Kuwait witnessed many changes during the intercensual period extending from 1975 – 1980. The annual rate of growth, increased from 61% in 1970 – 1975 to 63% during the ensuing five-year period. Detailed figures, however, portray a decrease for Kuwaiti from 62% to 36% during the same period, with a considerable rise amongst non-Kuwaitis from 59% to 87%.

This study aims essentially at dealing with regional differentiation of population change through examining three principal demographic variables, namely, population trends, sex and density. The study also intends to show the size and direction of population movements both internally and cross-nationally. The analysis is primarily directed to cover the dual demographic structure, for the distinct groups, i.e. Kuwaitis and non-Kuwaitis. The application of an appropriate change index has shown six change-groups.

Some ninety per cent of the residential districts showed an increase varying between 40 and 200 coupled with an extensive population mobility.

On the other hand change trends among Kuwaitis showed a widespread stability. About two-thirds of the total residential districts showed a marked increase attributed to the unwillingness of the inhabitants to move far away from their traditional quarters.

The change index for non-Kuwaitis shows that more than 50% of their residential districts fall within only two change groups (less than 40% and over 200%). Sex-ratios for the age group (15–144) were employed to expound population change in Kuwait.

The average population density is about 80 per square kilometer, (1980) with marked local variations. The uneven distribution of population is manifested in density changes towards increase in about 95% of the residential districts especially those located far away from the capital city of Kuwait.

The distribution was different for Kuwaitis, where about 40% of the increase took place in the first group of change (less than 20%). Some residential districts were close to the capital and the seafront, whilst others are located to the north and to the south. Such distribution explains again that the movement of nationals was not so strong. About 40% of non-Kuwaiti residential areas are concentrated within the highest group of change. It can be therefore, concluded that the mobility of non-Kuwaitis was continuous and noticeable especially to the remote parts of the State which do not represent magnets of attraction.

The relationships between the three studied variables have determined the size and direction of population growth and movements. This can be early seen in the positive correlation between population change and density. Settlements enjoying an increase in population growth have also shown an increase in density. The relationship appeared more important as regards both the sex-ratio and population density.

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