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Volume :9 Issue : 36 1983      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

“TOWARDS MEASURING THE ABSORPTIVE CAPACITY OF THE SAUDI ECONOMY 1390 / 1391 – 1399 / 1400”

Auther : By: Dr. Fayez I. Habib and Dr. Hashim M. Al-Ali

            The principal objective of this study is to measure the absorptive capacity of the Saudi economy during the period 1390 / 1391 – 1399 / 1400 (1971 / 72 – 1980 / 81) which marked the completion of First and Second Five year Development Plans.

          Prior to measuring the absorptive capacity of the Kingdom’s economy, a thorough analysis of the absorptive capacity’s concept has been given, this includes, definitions, constraints and methods of measurement.  Various methods of measurement have been analyzed and the appropriate one has been selected to be on the Saudi economy.  This, however, concentrated on the analysis of the actual amounts of investment by sector and for the economy as a whole, versus the planned as well as the appropriated budget investment, during the concerned period.  Thus, two approaches have been used; the First is a conventional approach, where the actual investment against its level indicated in the two development plans was analyzed and compared numerically.  The Second is an econometric approach where simple linear and non-linear models have been particulated to measure the relation and effect of actual and planned investments, which may lead to, measuring the absorptive capacity, the economy.

          The above approaches were applied on the activities of the public (government) sector, where as, in order to have a complete picture of the economy, private sector investments and their level have also been analyzed, and the private sector absorptive capacity has accordingly been measured, through analyzing and measuring the relation between committed and actually disbursed loans to private sector, by various government funding institutes.

          The findings of the study based on the above-mentioned methods, indicate that the Saudi economy’s absorptive capacity average 75 percent during the study period.

 

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May 18, 2017

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