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Volume :5 Issue : 17 1979      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

AZ-ZUBAYRI, THE POET OF PATRIOTISM IN YEMEN

Auther : By Abdel Kader Hafez

 

Az-Zubayri introduced a temporary literary school, which was an expansion of the old.

A lot of the educated youth were influenced by his school, they imitated his role of awakening people, and disclosing the tricks of the local policy, and the manners of the chief’s reign which aimed at keeping the country ignorant and undeveloped.

Az-Zubayri was the first to oppose colonization and autocracy, and the first to face chiefs and the corrupt affairs in the north of the country, hoping to realize freedom and independence.

He composed a lot of patriotic poetry, which went side by side with the national movement in Al-Yamen, since its first appearance.

His poems were an echo of the aspirations and sufferings of his people, they have rocked the bad currencies of the country, but the rulers’ reaction was so quick whenever they heard that a poem was being composed by Az-Zubayri.

Az-Zubayri has been employing his writing, like a sword, against the enemies of people until victory was achieved, and finally the revolution of September 6, headed by the chief, Abdullah Al-Sallal, broke out in 1962.

To Az-Zubayri’s poems is attributed the virtue of exciting the spirit of complaint and mutiny in people, those poems which opened the eyes to reality, and prepared people to the revolution against tyrants.

But his role, in his great patriotic poems, didn’t stop at awakening and exciting people, for it has gone so fat so as to include planning and execution.

If we have a book on all Az-Zubayri’s writing in this respect, we shall come across many patriotic attitudes that he had taken against tyrants and their submissive subjects. Yet he never felt tired of following any movement which might stimulate patriotism and sacrifice in the Arab people of Al-Yamen.

Az-Zubayri derived his themes from the real social life, and the daily tragedies of man. It was said, in references, that Az-Zubayri, apart from all Yemeni poets, was the closest to the social life of people, and the most downright in expressing their problems and bad conditions.

He also treated the condition of woman in the countryside of Al-Yemen, and what she suffered from such as depression and injustice, so his poetic vision was never blind to literacy and its effects on the development of societies.

In all his writing he was portraying the social life, and what people suffered from such poverty, injustice, disease, tribalism and ignorance. So he composed several poems in which he expressed all these vices.

Az-Zubayri left us only two volumes of poetry: The Revolution of Poetry” and “Prayer at Hell” and they are both printed. There is also a literary novel, “The Tragedy of Waq El-Waq”, a political novel, The Greatest Trick, a literary manuscript, and a political essay, “The Danger of the Chief and a play, “The old woman and the Chief’s Soldier”.

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