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Volume :4 Issue : 15 1978      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

THE EAST INDIA COMPANY FEATURES AND INFLUENCES IN THE ARABIAN GULF

Auther : By Dr. Mustafa A. Al-Najjar

  

The administrative machinery of the East India Company had during 350 years, from the granting of its Charter by Queen Elizabeth-I in 1600 and after the India Office assumed in 1858 the responsibilities formerly held by the company trill the independence of India in 1947, produced a huge number of documents and records which were highly organized and filed.  As these records were not only limited to the commercial aspects of the Company, its main character, but also comprised political, economic and social information, they are considered of great importance and as Grant Duff put it, the best historic material ever.  One could say that any documentary study on Asia is incomplete unless it relies a great deal on the historic information the East India Company records contain.

          The author then reviews the history of the Company and its development from 1600 where it slowly began to establish commercial Agencies and Factories along the route to India.  These Factories were initially mainly concerned with establishing commercial relations and served as centers for trade operations but acquired later great importance in protecting the economic and political dominance of Great Britain in India and the Arabian Gulf.

          Apart of the merciless exploitation of these countries where the Company operated, it became later involved in local politics as this part of the world proved to be of paramount importance and an apple of discord between the great powers.  In the context of international politics the affairs of these regions were too important to be left to the Company. Moreover, the Company officers in the respective Agencies sought to acquire personal wealth through the Company, which was facing bankruptcy when the British government decided to assume responsibilities of the East India Company,

All the Agencies and Residencies were asked to submit report to HM Government in London which are still kept and contain, apart from an insight into the overseas British policy making at that time, some of the most important and interesting historic material, political, economical as well as of social nature, on the Indian Subcontinent and the Arabian Gulf.

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May 18, 2017

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