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Volume :4 Issue : 14 1978      Add To Cart                                                                    Download


Auther : By Dr. Mahmoud Abdel Kader


        A recent study by Jackson, Ahmed and Heapy has considered that the emergence of a new formulation for achievement motivation differs from that of Atkinson and other theorists.  Whereas Atkinson views achievement – oriented behavior as the resultant of movie to succeed minus the motive to avoid failure plus various extrinsic influences, the new formulation involving achieving behaviour as the resolution of “some” factors interacting with a given situation.

         A reconceptual analysis of the achievement construct – at the present study led to the postulation of three motives: general ambition, persistence and endurance.  These motives are different, but consistent, from what Jackson and his colleagues have substracted.

         Based on operational definition, a measure of each had been designed, taking in consideration the standard of excellence common in Kuwait and other Arab culture.

         Standardization study of these three measures demonstrated reliable, balanced against acquiescent set, and applicable to Arab university student samples. 

The major purpose of the present study is to test the construct validity of these three measures in terms of all the four criteria of motive construct.

         External criteria were selected carefully to fulfill the requirement of validity as following: 3 scales from Guilford & Martin Inventories, 2 scales from the Cattell 16PF, Academic success grades, Index of academic success aspiration, Index performance aspiration, age, sex, nationality, and SES indices.

         This battery was administered to a sample of 457 students in Kuwait University and Teachers High School.

Results indicate that the three measures of achievements drive (Ambition, Endurance, and Persistence) discriminate well between males and females, and between the different Arab nationalities.  The three measures correlate 0.271, 0.213 & 0.194 with Academic success grades respectively.  Correlate 0.511, 0.220 & 0.268 with Academic aspiration level.  Correlate 0.385, 0.407 & 0.429 with performance aspiration level respectively.  Correlate 0.105, 0.4988, 0.489 respectively with factor “I” Correlate 0.323, 0.321 & 0.308 with factor “G”.  Correlate 0.134, 0.275 & 0.293 with factor “O” respectively.  Correlate 0.065, 0.238 & 0.250 with Dominance factor.  Correlate – 0.233, - 0.187, - 0.217 respectively with Self reliance factor.

Finally, it was found that high achievers (ambitions endurable and persistent did better than low achievers when the task perceived to be moderately difficult.  But the difference between high and low motive groups was still significant when the task was perceived to be very easy.


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Dec 26, 2021

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