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Volume :3 Issue : 9 1977      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

SOME POPULAR PROVERBS IN QATARI SOCIETY ANDTHE MEASUREMENT OF STUDENTS CAPABILITY OF ABSTRACT UNDERSTANDING

Auther : Dr. Levon Melikan, Juhayna Al-Issa , Aabdel Aziz Kamal , Dr. Na’im Seifin & Saleh Al-Mahandy

 

The author states that the aim of his study is to design an objective measure of the capacity of abstract comprehension.  Such a measure is based upon students knowledge of the meaning of popular proverbs used in Qatar.  The author believes that proverbs meet all conditions of psychological and mental experiments or tests: they are the products of the environment, they are heard, acquired by indirect means, and they are composed of abstract lingual sentences.

The study was carried on three stages.  The first stage involved the accumulation of Qatari popular proverbs.  The second stage involved checking the actual spread and usage of these proverbs in Qatari Society.  The third stage involved selecting a sample of these proverbs to be used in the experiment in order to measure the abstract comprehension of Qatari students, as well as validity of the test itself.

The sample on which the test was conducted was composed of 75 persons (31 males and 44 females).  As for the proverbs, 44 were chosen and divided into four categories: Familial, dependency, achievement and social.  Then four explanations were written to every proverb, one of which represented the popular or correct understanding and usage of the proverb.  The sample members were asked to check what they think to be the right meaning of each proverb.  The time given for the test was 35 minutes.

In general, the findings of the study showed a positive correlation between age and education on one hand and degree of comprehension on the other hand.

However, the author thinks that the validity of the test is not sufficient for prediction.  He also thinks that this test needs to be developed before its results could be used in prediction.  He concludes that it is possible to use popular proverbs in testing the capacity of abstract comprehension.

However, he warns against the small size of his sample, and the relatively high and similar level of education of the tested population.

Finally, he advocates the application of his test to other Gulf Societies, namely Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain and the Arab Emirates.

 

 
 

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