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Volume :2 Issue : 8 1976      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

NEW EDUCATIONAL TRENDS REGARDING GULF PROBLEMS

Auther : Dr. Abdul Halim Khaldoun Al-Kinany


The Gulf States are badly in need of drawing a new gulf educational policy, finding a way to avoid civilization’s hard attack, and also assisting the newcomers, who come for employment, to settle down in the gulf states and to become true citizens.

Education flourished in the gulf as a result of the following factors:
i) Traditional education was taught through “KOTTABS”, and preachers of mosques.
ii) Education introduced by teachers from Arab and Islamic countries.  Some of the teachers taught in the traditional Islamic studies, while the others taught in the modern method at modern schools.
iii) In addition to modern educational trends; management, technical and educational regulations were introduced by Arab and foreign consultants and World Experts, who were serving in the Gulf and the Arabian Peninsula either on personal contracts or on United National Development Programme.
iv) The flow of regular information from the gulf and Arabian Peninsula information departments.

These are some of the educational achievements in the Gulf:
i. Ministries of education could establish educational departments capable of handling their technical and financial affairs. Conferences and seminars were held to plan for training teachers and improving schoolbooks, exams and curriculum etc.
ii. Kindergartens, primary and secondary schools, colleges and technical institutes spread everywhere in the Gulf and Arabian Peninsula.  Institutions for illiteracy obliteration, adult education, handicapped and mentally retarded children as well as institutes for juvenile offenders are also run by the governments.
Such schools, institutes and colleges are built and fully equipped with educational audio-visual aids and scientific equipments similar to Western ones.  Students are carefully taught because of the qualified teachers and non-crowded classrooms.  Special attention is given for fine arts, sports and outdoor cultural activities.
iii. Many serious attempts took place in directing the Gulfanization of education in a way that fulfills the present requirements and makes future aspirations come true.

Gulfanization of education requires a clear, unified, approved policy and full desire to co-operate in the educational progress.  Efforts for the development of educational research should be applied in the Gulf.

The teacher, the student and Finance are the main factors of the educational process.
1) Teachers: The Gulf states face a shortage of teachers. But such a problem can be solved by opening Teachers’ Training Centers in the light of other countries’ experience in the field.
2) Students: Adult education schools and illiteracy obliteration centers have to play their role in teaching the majority of Gulf present inhabitance who were deprived in the past from being taught.  Besides school subjects; day students who are the future of the Gulf in about 25 years, must acquire technical, cultural and social skills that will enable them to co-operate in building the future of their countries.
3) Financing the educational process: Teachers’ salaries should be increased so that they may improve their way of living.  Meanwhile, they must be given the chance to do other part-time work.  Gulfanization of education is the most important problem.  Nevertheless, how to avoid the impact of civilization is another problem of nearly the same degree.

Modern science and technology can easily be absorbed.  The October War in 1973 is a typical example to prove that Arabs can easily handle the highly complicated electronic equipments.  But to develop the Arab society is more difficult than absorbing the technology of the age.  The speed of social development cannot cope with that of technological advancement.

To achieve social maturity:
i) One must have utmost faith and good conduct.
ii) One must know his rights and how to defend them.
iii) One must know his duties towards his family, society, country and even the whole humanity.
iv) One must possess the vitality of social dynamism that enable him to adapt himself to progressive social, political and religious movements. 

Such conflict resulting from technological advancement and lacking of social development is a field for Gulf social researches and serious studies.  Encountering the problem of new-comers who come for employment in the Gulf States, the following steps can be taken:
1) Permitting the newcomers, who stay in the Gulf States certain years and know the Arabic language and also have the desire for permanent settlement, to hold the gulf states’ citizenship.
2) Encouraging the Arab labourers, from overcrowded Arab countries, to find work and settle in the Gulf States.

I recommend establishing the following:
a) A Regional Gulf and Arabian Peninsula Center for Documentation and Information, where researchers can find all audio-visual aids needed such as books, magazines, films, microfilms, folklore poetry, stories and legends.
b) A body of Gulf thinkers to follow up the stored knowledge in the Center and try to find solutions to the problems of the Gulf States.
 
 
 
 


 

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