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Volume :1 Issue : 2 1975      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

INTRODUCTION TO KUWAITI POETRY

Auther : Khalifa Al-Wakian

 

 

         This introduction deals with a specific aspect of Arab poetry in Kuwait, namely the appearance of classical poetry.

         Before the mid of the 19th century, Kuwait was a poor and culturally backward country. Life was very tough, and Kuwaitis labored hard to earn their living. Under such conditions poetry was mainly Bedouin and dealt with very trivial matters.

        During the second half of the 19th century, Kuwait grew in importance and her relations with her neighbors in Iraq and the Arabian Gulf became stronger. Its inhabitants also had close contacts – as seamen – with countries like India where several scholars of Arabic lived.

         All these developments led to the appearance of classical poetry in Kuwait. The first classical Kuwaiti poets were Abdallah-Faraj and Abdallah al-Adasani. Classical poetry in Kuwait passed through three major stages. The first stage extended from the mid 19th century to the end of the 1920’s. During this stage, poetry was mechanical and complex in form, and its concerns were very limited. The second stage began in the early 1930’s and ended at the 1940’s. This stage was instigated by Kuwait’s acquaintance with formal education, and with here first public library, her first Journal, and her first literary club. During this stage, Kuwait became also acquainted with the Arab press, especially Iraqi and Egyptian papers. The main poet of this stage was Fahd al-Askar. During this period classical poetry was qualitatively improved, and ridden of many flows in its construction.

         The third stage started with the Second World War. This period was characterized by the awakening of Arab national feeling, and by the strengthening of ties among the Arab countries. It witnesses the appearance of many Kuwaiti poets who shared in developing classical poetry, both in style and content. The poet of this stage is Ahmad al-Adwani.

 

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