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Journal of the Gulf and Arabian Peninsula Studies

  • Published by Scientific Publication Journal – Kuwait University.
  • Acting Editor Chief Prof. Abdulaziz Gh. AlGhanim.
  • Contributors are academic faculty members from various universities and faculties in both Arab and English and French.
  • It's newly published the Journal No. (173) for the month of April 2019. It includes Ten academic researches about different issues :

 

 

 

First Research : An Evaluation of Sex-Ratio Accuracy Based on Data of Saudi Population Censuses and Demographic Surveys (1974 -2016).
Prof. Rushood M. AlKhraif - Fatin H. AlMotairi

     Due to the importance of demographic data in population studies and projections, this study aims to evaluate the accuracy of Age-Sex data in Saudi Population Censuses and Demographic Surveys during the period (1974-2016) and explore their consistency with the general demographic patterns observed around the world. In order to accomplish this objective, four population censuses and two demographic surveys were utilized to examine sex-ratios at national and administrative levels.  One of the most important conclusions is that the accuracy of Age-Sex data, especially sex-ratio by age, lacks accuracy and conformity with normal demographic patterns. The sex-ratio showed an upward trend, with sharp and unjustified fluctuation from one age group to the next, especially in older age-groups. These fluctuations are inconsistent with demographic patterns around the world . Therefore, the study highly recommends adjusting Age-Sex data before using it in population estimates, projections, or any other purpose.  The study also emphasizes that utmost care should be taken and further correction should be undertaken.  Also, more studies should conducted in order to identify reasons for sex-ratios inaccuracy and fluctuation in different age-groups, especially older ones.

Second Research : The Level of Strategic Management Application in Kuwait Public Administration Agencies from Employees' Perspective.
Prof. Mohamed Q. AlQarioti

     This study examined strategic management application by public administration agencies in Kuwait and the obstacles they face from employees' perspectives. A questionnaire was distributed to a stratified Random sample of (381) employees from all government agencies. The results showed that most employees knew of agencies strategic plans where the  emphasis was placed on strategy formulation process rather than on implementation and evaluation. Lack of training was the main obstacle of strategic management. The results also showed significant variations between strategic management and demographic characteristics, but no significant variations were found between obstacles of strategic management and those characteristics.

Third Research : Differences in Quality of Life for Juveniles According the Nationality and Types of Judge.
Prof. Owaid S. AlMashaan - Dr. Saleh M. AlGhadouri

     The aims of this study were to explore the differences between a sample of 227 adolescents in the quality of life (123) and (114) adolescent based on their nationality  (Kuwaiti and non Kuwaiti ) and the place in here they live (with family or at juvenile home).
    The quality of life scale was used to achieve the aimed of the study.
     Results show a significant differences between Kuwaitis and non Kuwaitis score higher than non Kuwaiti on the quality of life, a the Sam time the normal adolescents got higher scores in the quality of life comparing to the delinquents. There was a significant difference between those who live with their families and who live at the juvenile home.
     The analysis of regression indicates that Psychological, Social and Environmental factors are good predictors of the quality of life.

Forth research : Effectiveness of Numerical Puzzles (KenKen Puzzles) in Developing Electronic Arithmetic Skills of Fourth Graders in Oman.
Dr. Mansour Y. AlRawahy - Dr. Mohamed N. AlRiyamy

     The study aimed to identify the effectiveness of numerical puzzles in developing electronic arithmetic skills of fourth-grade pupils in the Sultanate of Oman . The study sample consisted of ( 60 ) male and female pupils who were divided into two groups: an experimental and a control group. The two groups performed the four arithmetic skills (Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, and Division)  before and after the test. The results showed statistically significant differences at level (0.05) in favor of the experimental due to the introduction of numerical electronic puzzles. The study, therefore, recommends employing numerical electronic puzzles in order to develop pupils' mathematical operations skills and create a more entertaining learning environment for them.

Fifth research : Penalty for Violating Mobile Phone Hand Use Prohibition while Driving Motor Vehicles in Kuwait: A Case Study.
Dr. Muaath S. Al-Mulla

     The use of the mobile phone by hand or even by the hand free while driving a vehicle is one of the relatively old negative social phenomena. The society, in all its organs, sought to address this problem by all available means, including legal means, which failed to find a solution. This serious problem causes loss of lives and property due to many drivers' lack respect for rules of traffic safety. Therefore, there is an urgent need to update current traffic policies and tighten penal penalties in order to ensure respect for rules of traffic safety on the one hand and preserve the lives of road users and their property on the other. The study discusses the traffic situation in Kuwait and analyzes its legal aspects in terms of the provisions of Kuwaiti partial legislation. Finally, findings and recommendations are presented. 

Sixth research : AL-Hashimyeen in Iraq and their Relationship to Al-Sabah Family the Leaders of Kuwait 1916 – 1958.
Dr. Noor M. Alhabshi

     The study of the history of the ruling families in the Arabian Peninsula region and their interrelationship are rare studies, and this is due to some reasons beyond the scope of this research. This is an analytics study follows the analytical approach regarding presenting political and social information to diversify the general framework and make it include the system of ruling families in the region Including those who faced it successfully, which qualified some of them to be in the leadership in the history. Also, it made some of them ends in one way or another condition that did not qualify them to face these conditions.
     In the light of talking about Al-Hashimyeen in Iraq and their relationship with Al-Sabah family; rulers of Kuwait the relationship between those two highbred families characterized by many contradictions, whether positive or negative, which enabled them to be in good periods and other bad. As a result, the stands and stories have been varied about all of this.
     Perhaps this study is the only one that was interested in following up and observing the relationship between the two families. It may also be the only one that shed light on a curve other than the Iraqi claim in 1938 under the reign of King Ghazi of Iraq (1933-1939).
     It is necessary to address the aspects of the social conditions and the appreciation that both families enjoyed through the follow-up pattern of dealing between them. In this context, it should be noted that the neutral position adopted by the Al-Sabah family from the conflict between Hashemi - Saudi in general and the Najdi - Iraqi in particular, which made Kuwait and its rulers in a special place to both sides.
     In this context, it can be seen that the Kuwait Conference in 1923 was one of the conferences in which Britain tried to reunite the Arabian Peninsula and made King Faisal bin Al-Sharif Al Hussein and Abdul Aziz Al Saud was known as Ibn Saud live in a truce and a stage of conciliation and peace.
     The research also refers to Al-Sharif Hussain and his relationship with Al Sheikh Mubarak Al-Sabah and his two sons, Al-Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak and Salem Al-Mubarak. Moreover, then the relationship of Al-Sheikh Ahmed Al-Jaber with King Faisal. The first took the rule of Kuwait in 1921 coinciding with the inauguration of the English to the second as a king over Iraq in the same year. Also, the research goes through over King Ghazi claim of Kuwait in 1938. Moreover, then go through the taking over of the Custodian of the throne of Iraq Prince AbduIlah bin Ali in 1939. Then King Faisal II and Baghdad alliance in 1955 and the Hashemite Union in 1958 and how it was treated between Al Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salem with King Faisal II during that period until the Hashemite family ended in Iraq through a bloody liquidation on July 14, 1958, by a group of Iraqi army officers. At the end to the attitude of Al-Sheikh Abdullah al-Salem, the ruler of Kuwait, toward the issue of ending the rule of the Hashemite family in Iraq.

Seventh research : The Discretionary Judge's Power to Tighten the Sentence - A Comparative Study.
Dr. Yousef H. AlMutairi

     The purpose of this paper is to shed light on an important issue of criminal justice. The understanding and interpretation of the discretionary power of the criminal judge and the limits and justifications of this authority, as well as the comparison between the factors that push the judge to tighten the penalty for the perpetrator in both the Kuwaiti Criminal Law and the Federal Criminal Law In order to reach the best results and recommendations that could benefit the Kuwaiti legislator.
     This paper raises important questions about the discretion of the Kuwaiti criminal judge in comparison to those of the American federal criminal judge such as, the limits and justifications of this authority, and the factors that lead the Kuwaiti criminal judge and the American federal criminal judge to tighten the punishment on the perpetrator, the discretion of the criminal judge, the limits of the discretionary power of the criminal judge when assessing the penalty for the accused, factors to tighten the sentence on the accused and finally the justification for applying the factors of tightening the penalty.

Eighth research : Primary School Science Teachers' Views on Applying the Science-based Approach to Competencies: A Case Study.
Dr. Yaqoup Y. ALSahtti

     The present study deals with the application of the science-based approach competencies in Kuwaiti primary schools. The objective is to examine science teachers science teachers' on the application of this method. The sample consisted of (200) primary school science teachers from different educational districts in the State of Kuwait. The study tool was questionnaire consisting of three main axes: scientific subject, activities and teaching aids, and evaluation. The findings are as follows:
- Scientific subject came third with an average of (2.47) and a standard deviation of (0.21).
- Educational activities and teaching aids came first with an average of (2.65) and a standard deviation of (0.22).
- Evaluation came second with an average of (2.55) and a standard deviation of (0.21).
     The study also found that there was a statistically significant difference for the experience variable at a level less than (0.05). By contrast, there were no statistically significant differences for the grade and the educational district variables. In the light of these results, a number of recommendations and suggestions were made.

Ninth research in English  : Strategies Used by Kuwait University English Language Student-teachers in Learning New English Vocabulary.
Dr. Wafaa S. Al-Yaseen

     The present study investigated English language student-teachers' strategies in learning new English vocabulary with reference to some variables (gender and year of study). The sample consisted of 70 students: 29 males and 41 females from the College of Education at Kuwait University. The analytical descriptive approach was applied and a questionnaire was used as a data collection tool. The coefficient alpha Cronbach was (0.920) of the 41 questionnaire items divided into three domains: vocabulary determination strategies,metacognitive strategies, and memory strategies.
     The statistical packages for social sciences (SPSS) were used to obtain percentages, means and standard deviations. Both t-test and One Way ANOVA were also applied for data analysis. The results indicated that the degree of students' use of these strategies came to a medium degree. On the one hand, the most used strategy was the cognitive strategies with a special focus on in-class note-taking strategy. On the other hand, the least used strategy was the memory strategies with a special focus on grouping words spatially on a page. The study concluded with a number of recommendations to enhance vocabulary learning.

Tenth research in English : Anxiety in EFL Learning: A Case Study of Secondary School Students in the State of Kuwait.
Dr. Abbas H. Alshammari - Ahmad A. Ahmad

     This research paper sheds light on anxiety in an EFL environment in Kuwait public schools, State of Kuwait. One hundred eighty students (92 males and 88 females) took part in this study. After identifying their level of anxiety based upon the total score in Language Anxiety Score, students were classified into three levels: the first category Highest Level of Anxiety students (HLA) scored as high as 14.1%; the Moderate Level of Anxiety students was 17.5%; while the Lowest Level of Anxiety students reached 68.4%. Students' responses to a questionnaire on learning English revealed that the Highest Level of Anxiety students were more unlikely to exert extra efforts to enhance their language proficiency compared with the Lowest Level of Anxiety students.
                                     

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