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Journal of the Gulf and Arabian Peninsula Studies

  • Published by Scientific Publication Journal – Kuwait University.
  • Acting Editor Chief Prof. Benyan Saud Turki.
  • Contributors are academic faculty members from various universities and faculties in both Arab and English and French.
  • It's newly published the Journal No. (171) for the month of October 2018. It includes Ten academic researches about different issues :

 

 

 

First Research : Factors Affecting Academic Fraud: A Case Study of Kuwait University Students.
Dr. Wefqi H. Abu Ali - Prof. Abdulrahman A. Al-Ahmad

     The objective of this study is to identify the factors affecting academic fraud as perceived by a sample of Kuwait University (KU) students. The variables tested include gender, type of faculty, educational level of father, and educational level of mother. To this end, a tool based on statements related to academic fraud has been prepared and administered to a sample of 2000 male and female students belonging to different KU colleges during the first semester of the academic year 2013-2014. The results reveal that the tendency among KU students to commit academic fraud is at a moderate level. As for the factors affecting academic fraud, psychological, moral, and family factors show a high degree of influence. They are followed by academic factors, and finally there are societal factors, which only have a moderate degree of influence. The results show no statistical significance between the variables of gender, type of college and educational level of father and the tendency to commit academic fraud. However, students whose mothers have university degrees are found to have a higher tendency to commit fraud. There are also statistically significant differences between the average scores of the sample members concerning factors contributing to the spread of fraud. These differences are in favor of female students, hard sciences students, and students whose fathers had a diploma degree only.

Second Research : The Legal Framework for Corrective Measures in the New Juvenile Act No. 111 of 2015.
Prof. Meshari K.  Al- Eifan - Dr. Yousef H. Al-Mutairi

     This study deals with a recent law promulgated in the State of Kuwait, the Juvenile Act No. (11) for the year 2015. The law position on reforming the corrective measures includes some measures that are different from those in the canceled law No. 3 of 1983. This study, therefore, aims to show whether the new legislative position is in agreement with the previous one, and then provides an evaluation of both positions. As a means to enrich this study, in addition, an examination of the position of legislator in the United States of America is included. This study addresses itself to three main issues: the concept of corrective measures, the legal body entitled to enforce these measures, and the legal provisions controlling such measures.

Third Research : A Grammar-based Curriculum Aimed at Understanding Language and its Production: A Case Study of Saudi Secondary School Students.
Dr. Ahmed S. Al-Ahwal

     The present study proposes a grammar-based curriculum which aims to help students comprehend and produce language in order to develop their grammatical skills functionally. To achieve this, the study relies on two sets of tools: comprehension-oriented exercises and production-oriented exercises. The study sample consists of 55 Saudi secondary school students who are divided into two groups: an experimental group of 28 students who used the proposed curriculum and a control group of 27 students who use the traditional curriculum. The results reveal a significant improvement in the performance of the experimental group compared with that of the control group. There are also statistically significant differences between the performance of the two groups in the pre- and post-tests, which exclusively work in favor of the experimental group.

Forth research : The Effectiveness of Data Collection Techniques for Determining Secondary School Teachers' Training Needs in the Kingdom of Bahrain: Teachers' Perceptions of Obstacles.
Dr. Ahmed N. Elbaz

     The study aimed to identify the effectiveness of data collection techniques for determining secondary school teachers' training needs in the Kingdom of Bahrain and the teachers' perceptions of possible obstacles. A questionnaire was distributed to a sample of 214 teachers. Both the importance and effectiveness of data collection techniques were rated highly by the teachers. Also, there was a general agreement among the informants on the issue of obstacles. However, there were no significant differences in the teachers' responses in terms gender, qualifications, and job description. Finally, the study concludes with a number of suggestions and recommendations that may improve data collection techniques.

Fifth research : Motives of Terrorist Behavior: A Case Study of  Psychology Faculty Members' Views at Saud Universities.
Dr. Ibrahim A. Alhusaynan

     Many communities suffer greatly from the increasing terrorist behavior, which threatens their security and stability. Terrorism is also considered as an obstacle to growth and prosperity; therefore, understanding terrorist behavior becomes an urgent need. The current study examined the views of faculty members who specialize in psychology at Saudi universities on the motives behind such behavior. A questionnaire was employed to investigate possible motives. After verifying its psychometric characteristics, the questionnaire was administered to a sample of 49 psychology specialists. The results of the study showed general agreement on most causes of terrorist behavior, which involve psychological, educational, family and community issues. However, there were no statistically significant differences of the informants' views in terms of gender and years of experience. The study concludes with a number of proposals and recommendations, which may direct future studies in this area.

Sixth research : Factors Affecting the Development of Kuwaiti Political System from Beginning until 1962.
Dr. Faisal M. Abu Sulaib

     This study attempts to analyze factors affecting the development of political system in Kuwait from its beginning when the first ruler of Kuwait Sheikh "Sabah I" came to power until the writing of the Kuwaiti constitution in 1962. Relying on reviewing and analyzing historical events, the study concludes that the development of the Kuwaiti political system during this period was influenced by domestic, regional, and international factors. In addition, the personality of the rulers and their historical backgrounds were an influential factor, particularly the seventh ruler of Kuwait Sheikh Mubarak al Sabah (1896-1915), the tenth ruler Sheikh Ahmad al Jaber (1921-1950), and the eleventh ruler Sheikh Abdullah Al Salem (1950-1962).

Seventh research : Field Experience and its Impact on Student Teachers' Prospective Profession: A Case Study of Islamic Studies Majors - Kuwait University.
Dr. Kulthoum M. Alkandari

     This study aimed to identify the perspectives of student teachers' majoring in Islamic studies concerning their prospective teaching profession while participating in field experience during the last year in College of Education/Kuwait University. It also examined whether there was correspondence between their main motives to join College of Education and their expectations during the years of professional preparation. A random sample was of total of 173 students was used: 142 females and 31 males who were enrolled in the field experience course as student teachers in the academic years 2015-2016 and 2016-2017. The study revealed that the sample had high positive expectations toward the practicum which also had a positive impact on their decisions to become teachers. The study concludes with a set of recommendations that may contribute to the development of teacher education programs.

Eighth research : Architects' Opinions Toward the Architectural Competitions in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Dr. Mosaid A. Al-Sadhan - Arch. Nahar B. Abdulfattah

     Architectural Competitions in Saudi Arabia became a key method for finding creative and distinctive architectural designs as well as solutions. This had resulted in a number of buildings and projects that became local and global landmarks. Such Competitions have a significant role in upgrading and encouraging the profession in order to come up with creative ideas. They also have an influential role in discovering new talents and highlighting professional offices.
     Despite the importance of architectural competitions, their execution in Saudi Arabia has generated several criticisms by those involved and interested in them. Some have criticized the results of these competitions, others have criticized their prizes and financial return, and finally we have those who believe that the number of architectural competitions in Saudi Arabia is not enough. Therefore, this research seeks to examine these views and criticisms in order to check the positive or negative attitude towards them for the benefit of organizers and owners. It seeks to determine the extent of the participation of practitioners in Saudi Arabia and their involvement in architectural competitions.
     A survey was designed to perform the task whose design was the result of number of stages, including literature review, interviewing specialists, pilot survey, and final survey, which was distributed to 258. The largest percentage of participants has never participated in any competition. They attributed the main reason to the limited number of competitions held in Saudi Arabia and the weak coverage in the media. The overall impression about architectural competitions activity in Saudi Arabia was "bad", and when examining points of view in detail, "neutral" was the most common response.

Ninth research : An Assessment of Social workers' Professional Skills and the Impact of Demographic Variables on them: A Case Study of Kuwait.
Dr. Hend B. Al-Ma'seb

     Professional practice skills in Clinical Social Work are used by social workers to establish a professional relationship with clients which helps to develop good relationships and successful interventions. The current study examined the scope of social workers' work in the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor, the Ministry of Health, and other sectors in the State of Kuwait which includes activities involving communication, interviewing, and negotiating skills. In addition, it examined the differences between clinical social workers in terms of nationality, specialization, and place of work while practicing their skills. The results showed a general increase in the use of communication and negotiating skills by clinical social workers in different Kuwaiti sectors.  As for the interviewing skill, the study indicated more employment of it in the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor than in the rest of the other sectors. The results also pointed to significant differences in social workers' practice in terms of nationality, specialization, and place of work.

Tenth research in English : Plant Abundance Soil Relationship of Three Annual Medicinal Plants in the Kingdom of Bahrain (Bahrain Island).
Prof. Jameel A. Alkhuzai - Dr. Abdul Ameer A. Allaith - Dr. Afnan M. Freije

     The annual plants Aizoon canariense L., Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav., and Emex spinosa Campd. are used in traditional medicine in Bahrain, Arabian Peninsula, and many of the west Asian countries. They are sometimes considered as weeds in United States, Australia, and South Africa. Their importance as remedies is evidenced by the many medicinal uses in various body aliments. Medicinal uses include indigestion, reduction of blood pressure, piles and constipation, purgative, and labor inducer. Accordingly, they could be sources of active ingredients in pharmaceutical industry. Understanding the ecology and distribution of these species could be useful in any cultivation activities or conservation efforts. Therefore, this study tried to determine the soil factors that affect their distribution and abundance. Multivariate analyses and Principal Component Analysis were used to test for the statistical relationships. Asphodelus tenuifolius was found predominantly in the desert sandy habitat, while Aizoon canariense and Emex spinosa were found in both desert and agriculture habitats. Specific soil factors including calcium carbonate (CaCO3), electrical conductivity (EC), sand, and silt were shown to affect the abundance of the three species.


                         

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