Journal of Law



Journal of the Gulf and Arabian Peninsula Studies

  • Published by Scientific Publication Journal – Kuwait University.
  • Acting Editor Chief Prof. Benyan Saud Turki.
  • Contributors are academic faculty members from various universities and faculties in both Arab and English and French.
  • It's newly published the Journal No. (167) for the month of October 2017. It includes Ten academic researches about different issues :




First Research : Dialectic of Light and Darkness : A Study in Ali Al-Sabti's Poetic Experience.
Dr. Abbas Y. AL-Haddad

     This study seeks to detect the greatest alternating duality in the poetic experience of Ali Al-Sabti, light and darkness two perspectives: critical and linguistic which collaborate together systematically to reveal the dialectic of the presence of the light vocabulary side by side to the worlds of the night Kingdom, and the vocabulary of darkness to create the world of salvation, a new world , a world that raises hope and eliminates pain.

Second Research : The Level of Social Withdrawal of Students with Learning Disabilities in the City of Buraydah from the Viewpoint of their Teachers.
Dr. Ahmad K. Khazaleh

     The present study aimed to identify the level of social withdrawal among students with learning Disabilities in the city of Buraydah  from the viewpoint of their teachers. The sample of the study included 145 participants of students.  The study used social withdrawal scale for students with learning Disabilities which was prepared by the researcher, and the study used descriptive survey to get the necessary data. Data was processed statistically by calculating the arithmetic averages, standard deviations, (t-test), and (One-Way ANOVA) and LSD test) for post-comparisons. The results showed that there was a fairly high level of social withdrawal among students with learning Disabilities.
     In addition to the presence of statistically significant differences in the level of social withdrawal among females, significantly statistical differences were also found in the level of social
withdrawal among second and third grade students.

Third Research : Religiosity and Social Support and their Relationship with the Quality of Life and Satisfaction among Kuwaiti Men with Cancer.
Dr. Maha M. AL-Sejari - Dr. Anwar F. AL-Khurainej - Ebtesam R. AL-Qaoud

     Several studies show that patients with cancer suffer from stress, fear of death, and depression which in turn negatively affect the patient's quality of life. Enhancing the patients' religiosity positively influences their perspective of life by feeling optimistic, relieved and secure. The current study aims to examine the relationship between religiosity and social support and the quality of life among patients with cancer in Kuwaiti society.  A questionnaire was used in this study. It consisted of demographic and social variables. Quality Of Life Scale (WHOQOL-Bref), Satisfaction With Life Scale, and Religiosity Scale were distributed on 124 cancer patients from Maky Joma Cancer Center. The results showed that there was a significant positive relationship between marital status and quality of life, and between religiosity and life satisfaction and quality of life among Kuwaiti men with cancer. Moreover, there was a significant negative relationship between stage of disease and men's life satisfaction and quality of life.

Forth research : The Relationship Between Coping Strategies and each of Anxiety and Depression among Kuwaiti Sample with Hypertension.
Hissa T. AL-Ayoub - Dr. Abdulkareem M. Jaradat

     This study aimed to examine the relationship between coping strategies and each of anxiety and depression among Kuwaiti sample with Hypertension (n=205), of both genders (96 males and 109 females). The sample comprised visitors of specialized health centers in AL-Asima governorate (the capital) and Al-Amiri Hospital, ages ranged between (25) and (76) years old. They have been exposed to many instruments (i. e. Coping Strategies Inventory, Trait Anxiety Scale, and Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale). Results indicated significant differences between genders in anxiety, and some coping strategies in favor of females, and showed significant positive and negative correlations between some coping strategies, on the other hand, between anxiety and depression. Multiple regression analysis also revealed that some coping strategies could predict anxiety and depression, while wishful thinking strategy was the strongest predictor of anxiety and depression.

Fifth research : Information Literacy Skills of Public High School Students in Kuwait : An Exploratory Study.
Dr. Elham A.  AL-Dousari

     This study aims to identify the three literacy skills: information, computer and Internet skills among public high school students in Kuwait. It also aims to find the relationship between the variables of gender, area of specialization, the educational district, as well as computer and the Internet skills. The study used the survey method to obtain data and information from a sample of 1,000 high school students (500 males and 500 females). The results of the questionnaire showed that the majority of respondents were familiar with using computer applications and Internet services such as search index by titles and keywords. However, the respondents lacked the necessary skills of information evaluation. The results show that females have better knowledge than males in the three literacy skills: of computer and Internet and library services. The respondents from the scientific branch of study had more knowledge of Internet and computer skills, while respondents from the literary branch of study had more knowledge about the use of library resources and services. The results also show that respondents who came from schools of AlFarwaniya educational district had more knowledge than other students coming from other educational districts about the use of library services, computer and Internet.

Sixth research : The Degree of Inclusion of the Concepts of Human Rights in Kuwait University Teacher Education Programs.
Dr. Maadi M. AL-Ajmi - Dr. Zaid  N. AL-Shammari

     This Study aims at identifying the degree of inclusion of the concepts of human rights in teacher education programs in Kuwait University. A content analysis of three teacher education programs and 108 academic courses in the College of Education were used. The study surveyed the opinions  of 97 faculty members and 291 students in their final year of study. A questionnaire consisting of 25 concepts of human rights in civil political fields (n=12) and economic, social, cultural and environmental fields (n=13) was designed to achieve this study purposes. Results show a weak interest in the concepts of human rights in the objectives and contents of the three teacher education programs included in all academic courses offered. Specifically, the results show statistically significant differences between male and female responses with t- test (7.47) and level of significance (.000). In the light of the study findings, a few recommendations were provided to officials in the college of Education of Kuwait University to review all objectives and contents of teacher education programs and academic courses in order to include the concepts of human rights.

Seventh research : Enhancement of Energy Conservation and Efficiency in Saudi Arabia.
Prof. Abdulrahman M. Alsultan

     Saudi Arabia consumption of primary energy sources, namely crude oil and natural gas, is growing at an unsustainable rate. The Kingdom has become the largest consumer of crude oil in the Middle East and the tenth biggest consumer of primary energy in the world. According to International Energy Agency (IEA), Saudi Arabia consumed in 2012 about 32% of its primary energy production. Crude oil consumption accounted for about 67% of the energy used, while natural gas consumption accounted for 33%, which represents the entire natural gas production of the kingdom.
     This extreme high rate of growth of energy consumption is mainly due to excessive subsidies granted to energy users in all sectors of the economy. However, domestic consumption
imposed mounting pressure on the country's crude oil export capacity, in a time when the Kingdom is almost entirely dependent on its oil revenues due to its lack of success in diversifying its economy, which clearly indicates that the current policy is unsustainable.
     In this paper, we propose a roadmap that allows for an immediate sizable increase in energy prices in both residential and commercial sectors with proper allowances for users in
the form of cash transfer, in order to promote conservation and efficiency of energy use, with least possible opposition to reform and adverse effect on the profitability of institutions and the standards of living.

Eighth research : Foreign  Commercial Privileges and Monopolies in the State of Kuwait and their Nationalization During the Period of (1935-1975 AD).
Dr. Ayed A. Juraid

     The commercial privileges and monopolies given to some foreign entities such as the American and British companies in the State of Kuwait till 1975 had depleted resources of national wealth, caused delay in development, and disabled the existing human resources, the most notable of which were in the fields of transporting and unloading of goods delivered by steamships, Oil wealth, governmental tenders, and banks.
     In the light of the above mentioned points, this study aims at disclosing The size and quality of the foreign commercial privileges existing in the State of Kuwait between 1935-1975,
and revealing the range of influence upon the social, economic and political situations in the State of Kuwait, as well as showing the main roles played by Kuwaiti citizens in the nationalization of these nationalize monopolies.
     For these reasons, this study preliminarily discussed the factors which created the foreign commercial privileges and monopolies in addition to the extent of awareness shown by
members of the Kuwaiti Community towards fulfilling their duties and responsibilities. The study also discussed the nationalization of the foreign commercial privileges and monopolies during the same period. The conclusion of the study included the most important results that had been achieved.

Ninth research : The Reality of Education and Development in the Kingdom of Hijaz (1334 -1342 A.H/ 1916-1924 A.D).
Dr. Jaber M. AL-Khateeb

     This study aims at studying the reality of education and its development in the Hijazi Kingdom during the period (1334-1342 A.H/ 1916-1924 A.D), during the regime of Sharif Hussein Bin Ali. After the Arab revolution against the Turbs, he announced the independence of Hijaz from the Ottoman State in 1916. It was essential for the AL Hijaz Honorables to establish a new era in the political, social and economic fields. The Honorables gave education a great attention, and pared the way for a new education system even before the independence of Hijaz from the Ottoman State. The study also surveyed the development of Hijaz and the establishment of new schools, the study stages, and the selection of teachers and curricula.

Tenth research : The Impact of Islamic Culture on the Use of Color in Arabic Domestic Interiors.
Dr. Fawzi A. Al-Zamil    

     The use of color is one of the major tools (along with rhythm, contrast, harmony and balance) in any interior design project. The research described in this paper was based on the hypothesis that color is strongly influenced by culture and has different meanings across the world. The author argues that in order to understand and use color correctly, one has to understand local culture. However, this can be a problematic subject, especially for interior design projects in the Arabian Gulf states, as the population is exposed to global commercial culture that strongly influences life and guides personal taste, especially in interior design.
     To investigate the influence of culture on the use of color in Arabic interiors, the author started by tracing the cultural structure of the Arabian Gulf region. He found that Islam is the main religion in that region and forms one of the deepest foundations of Arabian culture. Based on this fact, the author has used evidence from the Muslim holy book (Quran) in order to illustrate the strong influences of the Islamic tradition in shaping Arabs' impressions of certain colors. In addition, this paper discusses human nature's drive for distinction and uniqueness, and how color has been one of the major tools of distinction throughout the ages, in all aspects of life, including interior design.
     The paper describes in comprehensive terms the scope of this research, focusing on the use of color in interior design in the Arabian Gulf states. Thus, the paper explains the geographical, cultural and functional factors that shaped how Arabs used color in their interiors. In doing this, the author provides examples of the use of color in interior design projects throughout the world, and focusing on the Arabian region.
     Finally, the paper refers to the role of modernization and consumption patterns in shaping contemporary interior design projects in Arabian Gulf states. Then, the author concludes with an outline of findings and guidelines that must guide the application of color in domestic interior design projects in the Arabian Gulf states.


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May 18, 2017

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