Journal of Law



Journal of the Gulf and Arabian Peninsula Studies

  • Published by Scientific Publication Journal – Kuwait University.
  • Acting Editor Chief Prof. Benyan Saud Turki.
  • Contributors are academic faculty members from various universities and faculties in both Arab and English and French.
  • It's newly published the Journal No. (170) for the month of July 2018. It includes Ten academic researches about different issues :




First Research : The Role of Sport Satellite Channels in the Dispersion of Sport Awareness among University Youth at Kingdom of Bahrain.
Prof. Faisal H. Al-Mulla

     This study aimed to investigate the role of sport satellite channels disseminating sport awareness among university youth in Bahrain. It also aimed to examine how sport awareness is affected by the variables of gender, college, and year of study. To achieve these objectives, a descriptive research approach has been used. The data was collected using an electronic questionnaire that was distributed a sample of 250 sample of participants, The results indicated that sport satellite channels are highly respected by university youth, a fact which can be positively exploited disseminating sport awareness. They also indicated that there were significant differences in youth sport awareness due to gender, university, and college of the participants. However, no significant differences were noticed in their awareness due to year of study. It is recommended that sport satellite channels should improve their programs in order to develop sport awareness among university youth.

Second Research : Industrial Diversification Measurements and Patterns: An Applied Study on Manufacturing in Saudi Arabia.
Dr. Ahmed M. Khalil

     Manufacturing industry is one of the most important economic sectors in of Saudi Arabia. It is also one of the most fundamental pillars of distribution of income sources by not  only relying on the traditional resource, which is Oil. Despite the high level of emphasis by the State since the first five-year plan (1970-1975) and the subsequent plans to diversify the productive base of the Saudi economy and work on making a balanced regional development, the structure of manufacturing in the Kingdom, despite its relative diversity, clear shows that intensive investment industries are still dominant with an obvious concentration in specific areas of the Kingdom. This study highlights the importance of industrial diversification, measuring methods and patterns by focusing on the relative importance of manufacturing and its qualitative structure. It also identifies industrial diversification patterns at the sectoral and regional levels in the Kingdom.

Third Research : Punitive Protection of Companies' Finance in Emirati and Kuwaiti Laws: A Comparative Study with French Legislations.
Dr. Husain J. Buaraki

     Crimes of offense against monies of trading companies are the leading and most important punitive stipulations ever for illegitimate practices in the companies sector. This is because they target the core of companies, which are financial matters. They also draw greater concern due to the multiple parties involved. On top of these parties are the company shareholders as such stipulations are more connected to rights of individuals relating to their financial dues, shares or assets in companies. The best method to achieve legal protection of companies' financial matters is to employ criminal law with its decisive and punitive procedures. This was clear upon issuing the Kuwaiti Bill of new Companies Law No. 25 of 2012 which was reissued by Law No. 1 for 2016. It contains a whole chapter that includes companies' crimes (12 crimes) defined by the Kuwaiti law, which was adopted by the Emirati legislator as well in the Federal Law No. 2 of 2015. Among the most significant of such crimes is the crime of obscuring the reality of the company's financial position. For example, and most importantly, the violation of trust in the company's general guarantee. In addition, it is crucial to specify the type of criminal intention and the conditions governing it in order to help jurisprudence and Kuwaiti courts enforce laws in an appropriate manner.

Forth research : Genetic Knowledge Understanding at Students Preparatory Year at King Saud University: Their Arguments Level about Endogamy Issue.
Dr. Zeyad A. Jarrah

     This study aimed at exploring the level of understanding genetic knowledge and the kind of arguments made by the students of the scientific path in the preparatory year at King Saud University. It investigates the relationship between students' understanding of genetic knowledge and the logic they use to justify their position on the issue of endogamy. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher used a quantitative method. The study sample consisted of 136 students. A questionnaire was employed to collect data which was analyzed inductively with reference to genetic knowledge aspects (recognize genetic concepts, define genetic concepts, and explain genetic phenomena) in order to determine the level of understanding the nature of genetics. Further, the argument components (Data, Rebuttal, and Warrant) were used to determine the quality of the arguments made. The results showed that a weak level understanding a poor quality of the arguments. Pearson coefficient analysis also showed no clear relationship between genetic knowledge and the quality of arguments made on the endogamy issue.

Fifth research : Developing A List to Reinforce Citizenship Values in Social Studies Curriculum of Public Education in Kuwait.
Dr. Salwa A. Al-Jassar

     This study aimes to develop a list of citizenship values  to be included in the social studies curriculum of intermediate and secondary schools, from the point of view of teachers and supervisors of social studies. The research sample includes a total of 52 instructors, comprising 52 supervisors and 91 teachers. A descriptive research method was used to determine these values. A reliable list of citizenship values has been constructed and validated. Statistical treatment methods, including mathematical averages, standard deviations, T-tests, and ANOVA were used to test the data. In light of the analysis, a list of the desired values of citizenship, consisting of 68 values, was divided into eight thematic areas: social, civil, scientific, moral, religious, political, economic, and environmental. The results of the study showed the importance of integrating all the values of citizenship in the curriculum of social studies in intermediate and secondary schools. Both teachers and supervisors of social studies agreed on the importance of the values of citizenship to a high degree. On the basis of these findings, a set of recommendations and suggestions is presented to develop social studies curriculum.

Sixth research : Causes and Effects of Women Unemployment in Hadhramout : A Case Study of Al-Mukala City.
Dr. Fathia M. Bahashwan

     This study aims to identify the reality of women's unemployment in Hadhramout, which is considered one of the most serious problems caused by the interaction of several factors. Beside its being a social and economic problem, it leads to the unemployment of women which affects them both at the individual and family levels. A questionnaire was used to collect data from a random sample of 120 married and unmarried female university graduates who suffered from unemployment. This has caused some of them to seek  private sector jobs at a very low salary.
     Several findings emerged from this study. First, the group aged (26-30) suffered the most from unemployment. Second, women had little share in government employment. Third, the government showed no commitment to appointing female graduates, taking into consideration the limited number of government jobs in Hudhramout compared with the large number of applicants. Fourth, nepotism in offering jobs affects women unemployment. Fifth, negative social and cultural values in the society prevents women from accessing many professions in spite of appropriate qualifications. Finally, the early marriage age of girls and the ensuing lack of qualifications was more factor in women unemployment.

Seventh research : Determination of the Scope of Proxy According to Kuwaiti Law.
Dr. Husain M. Alrashidi

     The proxy is considered one of the most important contracts that people need to make their lives easier. However, it is also a dangerous tool if used incorrectly. The powers of the representative should be determined. The proxy can be general, which confers on the mandatory only the power to exercise the administrative acts and the related acts of disposition. Nevertheless, if it is a private proxy, its object could be the exercise of acts of administration or acts of disposition. However, there are some problems about the scope of the proxy. This is because the criterion for distinguishing between the general and private proxy is ambiguous. Having excluded the nature of the act from being a discrimination criterion, we believe we must refer to the expressions used in the proxy. As for the proxy entitled "general mandate", where the principal requires the realization of one (or more) action (s) specific (s), we consider it a private proxy, although the Kuwaiti jurisprudence describes it as a general proxy. Therefore, we suggest calling it a comprehensive proxy.

Eighth research : How Constitutional is the 1959 Commerce Chamber and Industry Law ?
Dr. Wafaa AL Malek AL Sabah

This study shows that the establishment of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Kuwait in 1959 was legally valid. The ratification of the law had received the consent of His Highness the Amir of Kuwait in light of meeting all the conditions stipulated for other laws including municipality law, ports and air navigation laws, printing and publishing laws, etc. Additionally, it had been published in the official newspaper "Kuwait Today", issue no. 225, which further indicated its valid and proper enforcement. However, the study reveals that the Chamber of Commerce and Industry is in violation of article 80 of the constitution because the provisions to this article do not fulfill the conditions on the law.

Ninth research : Postprandial Glucose and Subjective Satiety Responses to Different Kuwaiti Rice Meals.
Dr. Ahmad R. Allafi

     Postprandial glucose and subjective satiety responses to four different Kuwaiti rice meals (brown basmati, white basmati mixed with vegetables, and white basmati mixed with lentil) readily available in Kuwait market were compared against white basmati in a randomized, repeated-measure, crossover design trial.
     Nine healthy female college students, mean age 21 (standard deviation 1.4) years and mean body mass index 23.1 (standard deviation 4.0) kg/m2, were enrolled for the study. On separate occasions, subjects were served different Arabic rice meals (white rice, brown rice, rice with mixed vegetables and lentil rice) each containing 2 cups of cooked rice and 60 g of chicken breast. Subjective appetite information was collected before and after each meal using visual analogue scales (VAS). Blood glucose was measured from finger-prick samples in fasting subjects and at 0, 30, 60, and 120 minutes after the consumption of each test meal. Results showed that adding vegetables and lentil to white rice significantly increased the satiety (p  0.05). Brown rice had the slowest effect on blood glucose level followed by vegetable white rice and lentil white rice, respectively (p  0.05).
     It was concluded that the addition of vegetables and lentils to white rice produces a meal with low glycolic response and high satiety level. The results may be useful in helping people lower their blood glucose levels and increase their satiety after consuming rice meals by adding different vegetables and legumes.

Tenth research : The Current Sustainable Interior Design Education in Kuwait : Obstacles and Opportunities.
Dr. Ahmad E. Alansari
     Sustainable design education is one of the prevailing barriers to interior designers practicing sustainability. The main aims of the study are (1) to examine interior design educators' perceived preparation for and willingness to teach sustainability and (2) to investigate the opportunities and obstacles for integrating sustainability in design education in Kuwait. A self-administered survey questionnaire employing both quantitative and qualitative methodsand an interior design curriculum content analysis were used as data collection methods. To guarantee a high response rate to the survey, the researcher distributed the questionnaire to participants personally. A purposive expert sampling technique was used: Only participants anticipated to have knowledge of sustainability were included in the study. The sample consisted of ten (n=10) interior design educators in the department of interior design at the College of Basic Education (CBE) in Kuwait. Course descriptions were reviewed using a thematic analysis technique. The findings are presented here to inform school administration and curriculum designers about the barriers to integrating sustainability into interior design programs in Kuwait, so they can set the stage for such integration.


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May 18, 2017

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