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Price : KD.8.500 Pages : 485      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Changeable Earth An Introduction to Physical GeologyText Book Series20

Auther : Prof. Mohammad Abdul Rahman Al-Sarawi

Changeable Earth An Introduction to Physical Geology Prof. Mohammad Abdul Rahman Al-Sarawi Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences Faculty of Sciences Kuwait University This book provides an integrated scientific article in the science of physical geology, where it discusses the most important aspects of Earth history that occur as a result of geological phenomena and the range of factors collectively or individually modify Earth. The scientific material for the book is clearly displayed and easy to follow-up, being supported by figures and illustrations. The book is divided into nineteen chapters covering the range of topics relevant to the knowledge of the physical geology. The first chapter is concerned with the definition of geology and processes that affect the Earth’s surface, and the general characteristics of the earth’s crust. In addition, the components of the earth and the generation of rocks are included. This chapter also discusses the origin of planet Earth and the various modern theories regarding the formation of the Earth and its relationship to the solar system. The second chapter deals with the mountains, continents and crustal deformation, where it addresses the evidences for mountain building events and crustal deformation. Also identified are the types of mountains and plate movements, and examples are given of selected localities that show this deformation and the emergence of continents and oceans. Chapter 3 discusses the internal and external processes affecting the formation of the Earth’s surface, referring here to the importance of the earth movement, geothermal waters and groundwater in the construction of the internal shape of the earth, and the impact of these external features. Many of the external processes responsible for the construction of the overall geomorphology of the surface of the Earth have been identified. Chapter 4 discusses mechanical, chemical and biological weathering, where several examples of different types of weathering and the most important factors that control them have been presented. This chapter is one of the important chapters in the identification of those changes which occurred on the Earth’s surface due to physical, chemical and biological effects. Chapter 5 defines the components of the soil, the causes of formation and the factors that affect the differentiation of soil horizons, as well as the soil classification and identification of different kinds and conditions that contribute to its formation. Chapters 6 , 7, and 8 includes the basic types of rocks in the formation of the earth (sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous), the rocks cycles, and the factors that control the transition from one rock type to another is reviewed. These three chapters include the names of all the rocks and minerals in addition to classification tables for the main and sub- divisions of rock types. The 9th chapter discusses an important topic in the science of the physical geology, the geological time scale, including all eras and times of historical and geological periods. The most important features that distinguish each period of these historical periods are also reviewed. Chapter 10 addresses landslides and all their distinct forms, and the climatic conditions that contribute to each type of landslides. The theme of such needs large collection of photos and illustrations. The chapter also includes a review of the modern classification in the field of landslides. Chapter 11explains the subject of deserts in terms of origin and formation, in addition to the importance of wind and water in the formation of desert features. This chapter also includes a special set of photographs of the Arabian deserts, particularly in the State of Kuwait. Chapters 12 and 13 discuss the surface and ground water topics, reviewing the water cycle in nature and effect of water in the formation of the different geological features. Chapter 14 reviews the theme of seas and oceans, including discussion on the importance of waves and the various currents, and tidal cycles in the formation of monuments, and marine forms. This chapter includes a detailed explanation of the formation of beaches structurally and sculpturally, in addition to the effect of near shore currents in sediment movement, and the impact of construction work carried out by human on the coastal equilibrium in general. Chapter 15 includes a detailed explanation on the subject of glaciers and their importance in the formation of the Earth’s surface. This chapter also discusses the most important modern theories in the formation of the glacial periods, along with the importance of climate change, sea level fluctuation and structural movements in the formation of many geological features during such periods. Chapter 16 discusses the karst features and the reason for the emergence of karst features on the surface of the earth, and included in are the details on the karst forms in nature, and the effect of the change in the groundwater level in the formation of caves. Chapters 17 and 18 discuss two interconnected topics (earthquakes and volcanoes) explaining the close relationship between the tectonic plates and the formation of earthquakes and volcanoes. This chapter also includes an extensive classification of the types of earthquakes, volcanoes and their positions, as well as tables that illustrate the most important earthquakes and volcanoes that have occurred in various parts of the world. This chapter also discusses tsunamis (seismic waves) that have occurred recently, and particularly those waves that hit East Asia in 2004. The last chapter, chapter 19 includes the theory of plate tectonics and its importance in the origin of continents and oceans, aided with sufficient figures and illustrations, which facilitate the tracking of these modern theories. I have sought, through scientific preparation of this book, to add a new book in Arabic to our Arab and Gulf libraries.

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May 18, 2017

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