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Volume :20 Issue : 80 2002      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Beginning of Plant and Animal Domestication in the Levant and its Sociocultural Consequences (in Arabic)

Auther : Saad Al-Sowayan

The paper reviews the main hypotheses advanced by anthropologists and archeologists relating to the beginning of the domestication of plants and animals and resultant sociocultural consequences. Among the most important hypotheses is the oasis or propinquity hypothesis advanced by Vere Gordon Childe who argues that domestication started in the river valleys of the Nile and Euphrates. This hypothesis was later challenged by Robert J. Braidwood who argues that domestication started in the foothills surrounding the Fertile Crescent where the ancestors of domesticated wheat and barley grow in the wild. The paper describes briefly the main archaeological sites in the Fertile Crescent where agriculture started, then concludes by discussing the most significant sociocultural consequences of food production, mainly demographic growth, division of labor, social stratification, and the beginning of civil society and government.

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