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Volume :40 Issue : 158 2022      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Palestine: From Mamluk Provinces to the Ottoman Vilayet of Jerusalem (1516-1517 AD) and Sultan Salim First Visit to Jerusalem (in Arabic).

Auther : Abdulqader Steeh

The year 1516 A.D. witnessed the entry of the southern region of the Levant (the prosecution offices of Safad, Jerusalem, and Gaza) under the Ottoman rule to usher in a new era in the history of this country that spanned over four centuries later. During the Ottoman campaign against Egypt, Sultan Salim I passed through this area and then derailed his campaign, to visit the city of Jerusalem. This raises a number of questions about how this region transferred from The Mamluk sovereignty to The Ottoman  one, along with new administrative divisions, and the subtle messages that Sultan Selim’s visit to Jerusalem can send out.
This study, and based on sources narrated by accompanies of Sultan Selim, written in both Ottoman and Persian, in addition to local Arab sources, attempts to shed light on the transfer of the southern region of The Levant from The Mamluk sovereignty to Ottoman one, the changes in the administrative divisions that accompanied this transfer, following the passage of the Ottoman Sultan Selim I through the region, and his visit to the city of Jerusalem. The study also attempts to explain the subtle messages that this visit transmits.
The study followed the historical method by gathering information from its sources, reading between the lines and/or reading texts and sub-texts, and then classifying, comparing, analyzing, combining, and formulating it in its final form.
The study has concluded that the Mamluks attempted to retain the southern region of The Levant, due to its strategic and religious importance. However, their attempts were unsuccessful in the face of the Ottoman's determination to annex the region. It also has shown that the changes made by the Ottomans in the administrative structure of the region, which would have led to the demarcation of the borders of a state that would include the southern regions of The Levant in an administrative unit with Jerusalem as its capital; yet, it did not stand for long, thereby highlighting the subtle messages that Sultan Salim's visit to Jerusalem had carried. This emphasizes the right of the Ottoman Empire to lead the Islamic world from the moment when its Sultan entered Al-Aqsa Mosque.
The study has recommended that it is necessary to combine sources in various languages and forms in order to depict the events that had occurred, and to close the historical gaps left by the unilateral dependence on certain sources while neglecting others.
Keywords: Jerusalem, Safed, Gaza, Hebron, Battle of Khan Younis, Sultan Selim I.

DOI:  10.34120/0117-040-158-005

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