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Volume :40 Issue : 158 2022      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Syntactic and Morphological Issues in the Commentary of ‘Lamiyyat Al-Ajam’ Poem by Abu al-Buqa 'al-Akbari (d.616 A.H.) (in Arabic).

Auther : Maha Alkhudair

This study is intended to address “the syntactic and morphological issues handled by ‘Abu Albaga’a Al’akbary (died 616 HD) in his commentary of “Lamiyyat Al’ajem poem”, as he was the first to comment on and/or annotate it. This poem covers thirteen issues, with seventeen rules offered in an inductive-descriptive approach. The importance of this study stems from the fact that it provides for the readers a new scholarly work for “Al’akbary”, where he used the formal Arabic poetry, to be added to his other works that focus on The Holy Qur’an and Hadith and that bear witness to his extensive knowledge and education. Despite its significance, this work did not receive much attention from other scholars, as it offers ‘audacious’ syntactic and morphological accounts, supported by poetry, as one valid source of evidence within the context of Arabic syntax. Al’akbary’s accounts relied on the syntactic functions of stretches in the renowned poem “Al-Tagra’ay” that literary Arabs and others took interest in, and that was translated into several languages, for the high moral values and sublime precepts it contained.
The study aims to highlight this new work for “Al’akbary” for those interested, and to draw their attention to it through collecting these issues and/or topics and analyzing them by reviewing the syntacticians’ views, by highlighting the approach they go in line with, and by classifying Al’akbary’s views. It also aims to offer further syntactic evidence drawn from Arabic poetry to support the uses and usages of such issues or rules, a practice that is meant to prove that the poetry that came after the ‘argumentation ages’ can lend supporting evidence to these rules and standards.
One of the conclusions of this study is that it has been possible to show the importance of his commentary which stands out as a reference point or a source for water-tight evidence and/or conclusive judgements for syntactic and linguistic studies.  The study also reveals the defining characteristics of Al’akbary’s scientific character that has a tendency for language economicality and for caring about justifying a lot of rules to convince others with evidence. In addition, the study offers another piece of evidence that “Al’akbary” is following the ‘Basra school of thought’, and it also shows the agreement of “Al-Tagra’ay” poem with the rules of the ‘Basra school of thought’.
Thus, the study recommends considering this poem as a source from which supporting evidence can be drawn on syntactic and morphological issues and their compatibility with syntacticians’ standards. The study also  calls on reconsidering a lot of Arabic poems that came after the ‘argumentation ages’ and the extent to which they are consistent with the rules and the properly-set standards and the extent to which they employ strong evidence on their uses and usages.
Keywords: Issues, syntactic, morphological, Al’akbary, Lamiyyat Al’-Ajam.

 

DOI:  10.34120/0117-040-158-003

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